Hedjkheperre Setepenre Smendes was the founder of the Twenty-first dynasty of Egypt and succeeded to the throne after burying Ramesses XI in Lower Egypt – territory which he controlled. His Egyptian nomen or birth name was actually Nesbanebdjed[5] meaning "He of the Ram, Lord of Mendes"[6] but it was translated into Greek as Smendes by later classical writers such as Josephus and Sextus Africanus. While Smendes' precise origins remain a mystery, he is thought to have been a powerful governor in Lower Egypt during the Renaissance era of Ramesses XI and his base of power was Tanis.[citation needed]


Smendes may have been a son of a lady named Hrere. Hrere was a Chief of the Harem of Amun-Re and likely the wife of a high priest of Amun. If Hrere was Smendes' mother, then he was a brother of Nodjmet and through her brother-in-law of the High Priests Herihor and Piankh.

Smendes was married to Tentamun B, likely a daughter of Ramesses IX. They may have been the parents of his successor Amenemnisu.[7]

Other Languages
العربية: سمندس
azərbaycanca: Smend
български: Смендес
català: Esmendes I
čeština: Nesbanebdžed
Deutsch: Smendes I.
español: Esmendes I
euskara: Esmendes I.a
فارسی: اسمندس
français: Nesbanebdjed Ier
Bahasa Indonesia: Smendes
italiano: Smendes I
ქართული: სმენდესი
Latina: Smendes
lietuvių: Smendis
Bahasa Melayu: Smendes
Nederlands: Smendes
polski: Smendes I
português: Esmendes I
русский: Смендес
српски / srpski: Смендес
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Smendes
suomi: Smendes
svenska: Smendes
Tagalog: Smendes
Türkçe: Smendes
українська: Смендес
Tiếng Việt: Smendes
Yorùbá: Smendes
中文: 斯门代斯