Slovene language

Slovenian
Slovene
slovenski jezik, slovenščina
Pronunciation[slɔˈʋèːnski ˈjɛ̀ːzik],[1][2] [slɔˈʋèːnʃtʃina][3]
Native toSlovenia, Italy (in Friuli Venezia Giulia), Austria (in Carinthia and Styria), Croatia (in Istria), Hungary (in Vas); emigrant communities in various countries
EthnicitySlovenians
Native speakers
2.5 million (2010)[4]
Indo-European
Dialects
Latin (Slovene alphabet)
Slovene Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Slovenia
 European Union
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated bySlovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Language codes
sl Slovenian
slv Slovenian
ISO 639-3slv Slovenian
slov1268  Slovenian[6]
Linguasphere53-AAA-f (51 varieties)
Slovenian language map.png
Slovene-speaking areas
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Slovene (n/ (About this soundlisten) or ə-/[7]) or Slovenian (ə-/ (About this soundlisten);[8][9] slovenski jezik or slovenščina) belongs to the group of South Slavic languages. It is spoken by approximately 2.5 million speakers worldwide, the majority of whom live in Slovenia. It is the first language of about 2.1 million Slovenian people and is one of the 24 official and working languages of the European Union.

Standard Slovene

Standard Slovene is the national standard language that was formed in the 18th century, mostly based on Upper and Lower Carniolan dialect groups, the latter being a dialect spoken by Primož Trubar. Unstandardized dialects are more preserved in regions of the Slovene Lands where compulsory schooling was in languages other than Standard Slovene, as was the case with the Carinthian Slovenes in Austria, and the Slovene minority in Italy. For example, the Resian and Torre (Ter) dialects in the Italian Province of Udine differ most from other Slovene dialects.

The distinctive characteristics of Slovene are dual grammatical number, two accentual norms (one characterized by pitch accent), and abundant inflection (a trait shared with many Slavic languages). Although Slovene is basically an SVO language, word order is very flexible, often adjusted for emphasis or stylistic reasons. Slovene has a T–V distinction: second-person plural forms are used for individuals as a sign of respect.

Slovene and Slovak are the only two modern Slavic languages whose names for themselves literally mean "Slavic" (slověnьskъ in old Slavonic).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sloweens
አማርኛ: ስሎቬንኛ
العربية: لغة سلوفينية
aragonés: Idioma esloveno
arpetan: Slovèno
asturianu: Idioma eslovenu
Avañe'ẽ: Eloveñañe'ẽ
azərbaycanca: Sloven dili
تۆرکجه: سلوون دیلی
Bân-lâm-gú: Slovene-gí
беларуская: Славенская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Славенская мова
български: Словенски език
bosanski: Slovenski jezik
brezhoneg: Sloveneg
català: Eslovè
Чӑвашла: Словен чĕлхи
čeština: Slovinština
Cymraeg: Slofeneg
davvisámegiella: Slovenagiella
dolnoserbski: Słowjeńska rěc
español: Idioma esloveno
Esperanto: Slovena lingvo
euskara: Esloveniera
Fiji Hindi: Slovene language
føroyskt: Slovenskt mál
français: Slovène
Frysk: Sloveensk
Gaelg: Sloveanish
Gagauz: Sloven dili
Gàidhlig: Slòbhainis
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Slovenia-ngî
հայերեն: Սլովեներեն
hornjoserbsce: Słowjenšćina
hrvatski: Slovenski jezik
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Slovenia
interlingua: Lingua sloven
íslenska: Slóvenska
italiano: Lingua slovena
עברית: סלובנית
къарачай-малкъар: Словен тил
kernowek: Slovenek
Кыргызча: Словен тили
latviešu: Slovēņu valoda
Lëtzebuergesch: Slowenesch
lietuvių: Slovėnų kalba
Limburgs: Sloveens
Lingua Franca Nova: Slovenian (lingua)
lumbaart: Lengua slovena
македонски: Словенечки јазик
მარგალური: სლოვენური ნინა
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Slovene
Nederlands: Sloveens
नेपाल भाषा: स्लोभेनियन भाषा
Nordfriisk: Sloweensk spriak
norsk: Slovensk
norsk nynorsk: Slovensk
occitan: Eslovèn
олык марий: Словен йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sloven tili
پنجابی: سلوون
Piemontèis: Lenga sloven-a
Plattdüütsch: Sloveensche Spraak
português: Língua eslovena
română: Limba slovenă
Runa Simi: Isluwinya simi
русиньскый: Словіньскый язык
Gagana Samoa: Gagana Slovene
Simple English: Slovene language
slovenčina: Slovinčina
slovenščina: Slovenščina
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Їллѷрїискословѣньскъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
српски / srpski: Словеначки језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Slovenski jezik
suomi: Sloveeni
svenska: Slovenska
Türkçe: Slovence
удмурт: Словен кыл
українська: Словенська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سلوۋېن تىلى
vepsän kel’: Slovenijan kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Slovene
Winaray: Eslobeno
ייִדיש: סלאוועניש
Zazaki: Slowenki
žemaitėška: Sluovienu kalba