Slovakia ( -/ (; ) listen   : Slovak Slovensko [ˈslɔʋɛnskɔ] (), officially the ) listen Slovak Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika, · listen ( help )), info is a  in landlocked country . Central Europe  It is bordered by  to the north, Poland to the east, Ukraine to the south, Hungary to the west, and the Austria to the northwest. Slovakia's territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5.4 million and consists mostly of Czech Republic . The capital and largest city is Slovaks , and the second largest city is Bratislava . The Košice is official language . Slovak
arrived in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries. In the 7th century, they played a significant role in the creation of Slavs and in the 9th century established the Samo's Empire , which was later conquered by the Principality of Nitra to establish Principality of Moravia . In the 10th century, after the dissolution of Great Moravia , the territory was integrated into the Great Moravia , which would become the Principality of Hungary in Kingdom of Hungary . 1000 In 1241 and 1242, much of the territory was destroyed by the  during their Mongols . The area was recovered largely thanks to invasion of Central and Eastern Europe who also settled Béla IV of Hungary which became an important ethnic group in the area, especially in what are today parts of Germans and eastern Slovakia. After central and the dissolution of the World War I , the Czechoslovak National Council established Austro-Hungarian Empire (1918–1939). A separate (First) Czechoslovakia existed during Slovak Republic (1939–1945) as a World War II , totalitarian clero-fascist one-party of client state . At the end of World War II, Czechoslovakia was re-established as an independent country. A Nazi Germany ushered in a totalitarian one-party state under the coup in 1948 during whose rule the country existed as a Communist regime of the satellite . Attempts for Soviet Union in Czechoslovakia culminated in the liberalization of communism , which was crushed by the Prague Spring in August 1968. In 1989, the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia ended the Communist rule in Czechoslovakia peacefully. Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful Velvet Revolution , sometimes known as the dissolution of Czechoslovakia . Velvet Divorce
Slovakia is a
high-income advanced economy  with a very high  , Human Development Index  a very high  and performs favourably in measurements of standard of living , civil liberties , press freedom , internet freedom and democratic governance . The country maintains a combination of peacefulness with a comprehensive market economy system. Citizens of Slovakia are provided with social security , universal health care and one of the longest paid free education in the parental leave . OECD The country joined the  in 2004 and the European Union on 1 January 2009. Eurozone Slovakia is also a member of the  , Schengen Area , the NATO , the United Nations , the OECD , WTO , the CERN , the OSCE and the Council of Europe . Although regional income inequality is high, Visegrád Group . In 2018, Slovak citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 179 countries and territories, ranking the Slovak passport 10th in the world. 90% of citizens own their homes Its legal tender is the  . Slovakia is the world's largest per-capita car producer with a total of 1,040,000 cars manufactured in the country in 2016 alone Euro and the  in the 7th largest car producer . The car industry represents 43% of Slovakia's industrial output, and a quarter of its exports. European Union
The first written mention of name
Slovakia is in 1586 ( : German In ). , bei der Stadt Liptau in der Slovakia Sankt Nikolaus It derives from the  word Czech Slováky; previous German forms were Windischen landen and Windenland (the 15th century). The native name  Slovensko (1791) derives from an older name of Slovaks Sloven what may indicate its origin before the 15th century. The original meaning was geographic (not political), since Slovakia was a part of the multiethnic  Kingdom of Hungary and did not form a separate administrative unit in this period.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: