Slovakia

Slovak Republic
Slovenská republika  (Slovak)
Anthem: "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"
(English: "Lightning Over the Tatras")
Location of  Slovakia  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Slovakia  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Location of Slovakia in the World
Location of Slovakia in the World
Capital
and largest city
Bratislava
48°09′N 17°07′E / 48°09′N 17°07′E / 48.150; 17.117
Official languagesSlovak
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
DemonymSlovak, Slovakian
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Andrej Kiska
Peter Pellegrini
LegislatureNational Council
Independence
• 
28 October 1918
• autonomous Land of Slovakia [cs] (within Second Czechoslovak Republic)
23 November 1938
• First Slovak Republic (client state of Nazi Germany)
14 March 1939
1 January 1969
• Slovak Republic (change of name within Czechoslovak Federation)
1 March 1990
1 January 1993a
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
49,035 km2 (18,933 sq mi) (127th)
• Water (%)
0.0789
Population
• 2018 estimate
5,445,087 Increase[2] (116th)
• 2011 census
5,397,036
• Density
111/km2 (287.5/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$191 billion[3]
• Per capita
$35,095 (39th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$111 billion
• Per capita
$20,508 (40th)
Gini (2014)26.1[4]
low · 8th
HDI (2017)Increase 0.855[5]
very high · 38th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+421c
Patron saintSaints Cyril and Methodius
Our Lady of Sorrows
ISO 3166 codeSK
Internet TLD.sk and .eu
  1. Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia; see Velvet Divorce.
  2. Slovak koruna before 2009.
  3. Shared code 42 with Czech Republic until 1997.

Slovakia (ɑː-/ (About this soundlisten);[6][7] Slovak: Slovensko [ˈslɔʋɛnskɔ] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika, About this soundlisten ),[8] is a landlocked country in Central Europe.[9][10] It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia's territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5.4 million and consists mostly of Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, second largest city is Košice. The official language is Slovak.

The Slavs arrived in the territory of present-day Slovakia in the 5th and 6th centuries. In the 7th century, they played a significant role in the creation of Samo's Empire and in the 9th century established the Principality of Nitra, which was later conquered by the Principality of Moravia to establish Great Moravia. In the 10th century, after the dissolution of Great Moravia, the territory was integrated into the Principality of Hungary, which would become the Kingdom of Hungary in 1000.[11]. In 1241 and 1242, much of the territory was destroyed by the Mongols during their invasion of Central and Eastern Europe. The area was recovered largely thanks to Béla IV of Hungary who also settled Germans which became an important ethnic group in the area, especially in what are today parts of central and eastern Slovakia. After World War I and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Czechoslovak National Council established Czechoslovakia (1918–1939). A separate (First) Slovak Republic (1939–1945) existed during World War II as a totalitarian, clero-fascist one-party client state of Nazi Germany. At the end of World War II, Czechoslovakia was re-established as an independent country. A coup in 1948 ushered in a totalitarian one-party state under the Communist regime during whose rule the country existed as a satellite of the Soviet Union. Attempts for liberalization of communism in Czechoslovakia culminated in the Prague Spring, which was crushed by the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. In 1989, the Velvet Revolution ended the Communist rule in Czechoslovakia peacefully. Slovakia became an independent state on 1 January 1993 after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia, sometimes known as the Velvet Divorce.

Slovakia is a high-income advanced economy[12][13] with a very high Human Development Index,[14][15] a very high standard of living and performs favourably in measurements of civil liberties, press freedom, internet freedom, democratic governance and peacefulness. The country maintains a combination of market economy with a comprehensive social security system. Citizens of Slovakia are provided with universal health care, free education and one of the longest paid parental leave in the OECD.[16] The country joined the European Union in 2004 and the Eurozone on 1 January 2009.[17] Slovakia is also a member of the Schengen Area, NATO, the United Nations, the OECD, the WTO, CERN, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group. Although regional income inequality is high, 90% of citizens own their homes. In 2018, Slovak citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 179 countries and territories, ranking the Slovak passport 10th in the world.[18] Slovakia is the world's largest per-capita car producer with a total of 1,040,000 cars manufactured in the country in 2016 alone[19] and the 7th largest car producer in the European Union. The car industry represents 43% of Slovakia's industrial output, and a quarter of its exports.

Etymology

The first written mention of name Slovakia is in 1586 (German: In Liptau, bei der Stadt Sankt Nikolaus in der Slovakia).[20] It derives from the Czech word Slováky; previous German forms were Windischen landen and Windenland (the 15th century).[20] The native name Slovensko (1791) derives from an older name of Slovaks Sloven what may indicate its origin before the 15th century.[20] The original meaning was geographic (not political), since Slovakia was a part of the multiethnic Kingdom of Hungary[note 1] and did not form a separate administrative unit in this period.

Other Languages
Acèh: Slowakia
Адыгэбзэ: Словакиэ
адыгабзэ: Словакие
Afrikaans: Slowakye
Akan: Slovakia
Alemannisch: Slowakei
አማርኛ: ስሎቫኪያ
Ænglisc: Slofacia
Аҧсшәа: Словакиа
العربية: سلوفاكيا
aragonés: Eslovaquia
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܣܠܘܒܩܝܐ
arpetan: Slovaquie
asturianu: Eslovaquia
Avañe'ẽ: Elovakia
Aymar aru: Isluwaqiya
azərbaycanca: Slovakiya
تۆرکجه: ایسلوواکی
Bân-lâm-gú: Slovakia
башҡортса: Словакия
беларуская: Славакія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Славаччына
भोजपुरी: स्लोवाकिया
Bikol Central: Slobakya
Bislama: Slovakia
български: Словакия
Boarisch: Slowakei
བོད་ཡིག: སི་ལོ་ཕ་ཁེ།
bosanski: Slovačka
brezhoneg: Slovakia
буряад: Словаки
català: Eslovàquia
Чӑвашла: Словаки
Cebuano: Eslobakya
čeština: Slovensko
Chamoru: Eslobakia
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Eslovaquia
chiShona: Slovakia
chiTumbuka: Slovakia
corsu: Sluvacchia
Cymraeg: Slofacia
dansk: Slovakiet
davvisámegiella: Slovakia
Deitsch: Slowaaki
Deutsch: Slowakei
ދިވެހިބަސް: ސުލޮވާކިއާ
dolnoserbski: Słowakska
डोटेली: स्लोभाकिया
eesti: Slovakkia
Ελληνικά: Σλοβακία
español: Eslovaquia
Esperanto: Slovakio
estremeñu: Eslováquia
euskara: Eslovakia
eʋegbe: Slovakia
فارسی: اسلواکی
Fiji Hindi: Slovakia
føroyskt: Slovakia
français: Slovaquie
Frysk: Slowakije
Fulfulde: Sulowakiya
furlan: Slovachie
Gaeilge: An tSlóvaic
Gaelg: Yn Clovack
Gagauz: Slovakiya
Gàidhlig: An t-Slòbhac
galego: Eslovaquia
ગુજરાતી: સ્લોવાકિયા
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍃𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌱𐌰𐌺𐌾𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: स्लोवाकिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Slovakia
한국어: 슬로바키아
Hausa: Slofakiya
Hawaiʻi: Solowakia
հայերեն: Սլովակիա
हिन्दी: स्लोवाकिया
hornjoserbsce: Słowakska
hrvatski: Slovačka
Igbo: Slovakia
Ilokano: Eslobakia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: স্লোভাকিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Slowakia
interlingua: Slovachia
Interlingue: Slovacia
Ирон: Словаки
isiZulu: ISlovaki
íslenska: Slóvakía
italiano: Slovacchia
עברית: סלובקיה
Basa Jawa: Slowak
Kabɩyɛ: Siloovaakii
kalaallisut: Slovakia
Kapampangan: Eslobakya
къарачай-малкъар: Словакия
ქართული: სლოვაკეთი
kaszëbsczi: Słowackô
қазақша: Словакия
kernowek: Slovaki
Kinyarwanda: Silovakiya
Kiswahili: Slovakia
Kongo: Slovakia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Slovaki
kurdî: Slovakya
Кыргызча: Словакия
Ladino: Eslovakia
лакку: Словакиа
latgaļu: Slovakeja
Latina: Slovacia
latviešu: Slovākija
Lëtzebuergesch: Slowakei
лезги: Словакия
lietuvių: Slovakija
Ligure: Slovacchia
Limburgs: Slowakije
lingála: Slovakia
Lingua Franca Nova: Slovensco
Livvinkarjala: Slovakii
la .lojban.: slovensk
lumbaart: Sluachia
magyar: Szlovákia
македонски: Словачка
Malagasy: Silaovakia
മലയാളം: സ്ലോവാക്യ
Malti: Slovakkja
Māori: Horowākia
მარგალური: სლოვაკეთი
مازِرونی: اسلواکی
Bahasa Melayu: Slovakia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Slovakia
Mirandés: Slobáquia
мокшень: Словакие
монгол: Словак
Dorerin Naoero: Slowakia
Nederlands: Slowakije
Nedersaksies: Slowaaknlaand
नेपाली: स्लोभाकिया
नेपाल भाषा: स्लोभाकिया
日本語: スロバキア
нохчийн: Словаки
Nordfriisk: Slowakäi
Norfuk / Pitkern: Slowarkya
norsk: Slovakia
norsk nynorsk: Slovakia
Nouormand: Slovaquie
Novial: Slovakia
occitan: Eslovaquia
олык марий: Словакий
Oromoo: Islovaakiyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Slovakiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਲੋਵਾਕੀਆ
Pangasinan: Slovakia
پنجابی: سلویکیا
Papiamentu: Slovakia
پښتو: سلواکيا
Patois: Slovakia
Перем Коми: Словенско
Picard: Slovakie
Piemontèis: Slovachia
Tok Pisin: Slovakia
Plattdüütsch: Slowakei
polski: Słowacja
Ποντιακά: Σλοβακία
português: Eslováquia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Slovakiya
qırımtatarca: Slovakiya
română: Slovacia
Romani: Slovaiko
rumantsch: Slovachia
Runa Simi: Isluwakya
русиньскый: Словеньско
русский: Словакия
саха тыла: Словакия
संस्कृतम्: स्लोवाकिया
Scots: Slovakie
Seeltersk: Slowakäi
Sesotho: Slovakia
shqip: Sllovakia
sicilianu: Slovacchia
Simple English: Slovakia
SiSwati: Silovakhi
slovenčina: Slovensko
slovenščina: Slovaška
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Словѣньско
ślůnski: Słowacyjo
Soomaaliga: Islofaakiya
کوردی: سلۆڤاکیا
Sranantongo: Slovakikondre
српски / srpski: Словачка
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Slovačka
Basa Sunda: Slovakia
suomi: Slovakia
svenska: Slovakien
Tagalog: Slovakia
Taqbaylit: Sluvakya
tarandíne: Slovacchie
татарча/tatarça: Словакия
తెలుగు: స్లొవేకియా
tetun: Eslovákia
тоҷикӣ: Словакия
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏍᎶᏩᎩᎠ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Slovakia
Türkçe: Slovakya
Türkmençe: Slowakiýa
удмурт: Словакия
українська: Словаччина
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سلوۋاكىيە
Vahcuengh: Slovakia
vèneto: Slovachia
vepsän kel’: Slovakii
Tiếng Việt: Slovakia
Volapük: Slovakiyän
Võro: Slovakkia
文言: 斯洛伐克
West-Vlams: Slovakeye
Winaray: Eslovakya
Wolof: Eslowaaki
吴语: 斯洛伐克
Xitsonga: Slovakia
ייִדיש: סלאוואקיי
Yorùbá: Slofákíà
粵語: 斯洛伐克
Zazaki: Slowakya
Zeêuws: Slowakije
žemaitėška: Sluovakėjė
中文: 斯洛伐克