Slovak People's Party

  • hlinka's slovak people's party –
    party of slovak national unity

    hlinkova slovenská ľudová strana –
    strana slovenskej národnej jednoty
    abbreviationhsĽs-ssnj
    leaderandrej hlinka (1913–1938)
    jozef tiso (1939–1945)
    founderandrej hlinka
    founded29 july 1913
    banned8 may 1945
    newspaperslovenské ľudové noviny (1910–1930)
    slovák (1919–1945)
    slovenská pravda (1936–1945)
    youth winghlinka youth
    paramilitary wingrodobrana (1923–1927)
    hlinka guard (1938–1945)
    membership (1936)36,000
    ideologyslovak clerical fascism[1][2]
    • political catholicism[3][4]
    • slovak nationalism[3]
    • ultranationalism[3]
    • corporate statism[5]
    • national catholicism[1][2]
    • anticommunism[6][7]
    • anti-hungarianism[6][7]
    • antisemitism[6][7]
    • nazism (minority)[6][7]
    political positionbefore 1938:
    right-wing to far-right
    after 1938:
    far-right
    religionroman catholicism
    national affiliationunited list (1938–1945)
    colours     white,      blue,      red
    sloganverní sebe, svorne napred!
    ("faithful to ourselves, together ahead!")
    za boha a za národ!
    ("for god and the nation!")
    anthem"hej, slováci"
    ("hey, slovaks")
    assembly of
    slovakia (1938)
    47 / 63
    party flag
    flag of the hlinka party (1938–1945) variant 2.svg
    • politics of slovakia
    • political parties
    • elections

    hlinka's slovak people's party (slovak: hlinkova slovenská ľudová strana), also known as the slovak people's party (slovenská ľudová strana, sĽs) or the hlinka party, was a far-right clerofascist political party with a strong catholic fundamentalist and authoritarian ideology. its members were often called Ľudáks.

    the party arose at a time when slovakia was still part of austria-hungary and fought for democratic liberties, the independence and sovereignty of slovakia, and against the influence of liberalism. after the formation of czechoslovakia, the party preserved its conservative ideology, opposing czechoslovakism and demanding slovak autonomy. in the second half of the 1930s, the rise of totalitarian regimes in europe and the party's inability to achieve long-term political objectives caused a loss of the party's faith in democratic procedures and saw the party turn towards more radical and extremist ideologies such as fascism.

    after a merger with other parties in november 1938, which formed the hlinka's slovak people's party – party of slovak national unity, it became the dominant party of the slovak state. in addition to adopting a totalitarian vision of the state, it included an openly pro-nazi faction,[7] which dominated slovak policy between 1940 and 1942. the party chairmen were the slovak priests andrej hlinka (1913–38) and later jozef tiso (1939–45), and its main newspapers were the slovenské ľudové noviny (slovak people's newspaper, 1910–30), slovák (the slovak, 1919–45) and slovenská pravda (the slovak truth, 1936–45).

  • history
  • names
  • election results
  • see also
  • further reading
  • references
  • sources

Hlinka's Slovak People's Party –
Party of Slovak National Unity

Hlinkova slovenská ľudová strana –
Strana slovenskej národnej jednoty
AbbreviationHSĽS-SSNJ
LeaderAndrej Hlinka (1913–1938)
Jozef Tiso (1939–1945)
FounderAndrej Hlinka
Founded29 July 1913
Banned8 May 1945
NewspaperSlovenské ľudové noviny (1910–1930)
Slovák (1919–1945)
Slovenská pravda (1936–1945)
Youth wingHlinka Youth
Paramilitary wingRodobrana (1923–1927)
Hlinka Guard (1938–1945)
Membership (1936)36,000
IdeologySlovak clerical fascism[1][2]
Political positionBefore 1938:
Right-wing to far-right
After 1938:
Far-right
ReligionRoman Catholicism
National affiliationUnited List (1938–1945)
Colours     White,      blue,      red
SloganVerní sebe, svorne napred!
("Faithful to ourselves, together ahead!")
Za Boha a za Národ!
("For God and the Nation!")
Anthem"Hej, Slováci"
("Hey, Slovaks")
Assembly of
Slovakia (1938)
47 / 63
Party flag
Flag of the Hlinka party (1938–1945) variant 2.svg

Hlinka's Slovak People's Party (Slovak: Hlinkova slovenská ľudová strana), also known as the Slovak People's Party (Slovenská ľudová strana, SĽS) or the Hlinka Party, was a far-right clerofascist political party with a strong Catholic fundamentalist and authoritarian ideology. Its members were often called Ľudáks.

The party arose at a time when Slovakia was still part of Austria-Hungary and fought for democratic liberties, the independence and sovereignty of Slovakia, and against the influence of liberalism. After the formation of Czechoslovakia, the party preserved its conservative ideology, opposing Czechoslovakism and demanding Slovak autonomy. In the second half of the 1930s, the rise of totalitarian regimes in Europe and the party's inability to achieve long-term political objectives caused a loss of the party's faith in democratic procedures and saw the party turn towards more radical and extremist ideologies such as fascism.

After a merger with other parties in November 1938, which formed the Hlinka's Slovak People's Party – Party of Slovak National Unity, it became the dominant party of the Slovak State. In addition to adopting a totalitarian vision of the state, it included an openly pro-Nazi faction,[7] which dominated Slovak policy between 1940 and 1942. The party chairmen were the Slovak priests Andrej Hlinka (1913–38) and later Jozef Tiso (1939–45), and its main newspapers were the Slovenské ľudové noviny (Slovak People's Newspaper, 1910–30), Slovák (The Slovak, 1919–45) and Slovenská pravda (The Slovak Truth, 1936–45).

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