Sitcom

A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode. Sitcoms can be contrasted with sketch comedy, where a troupe may use new characters in each sketch, and stand-up comedy, where a comedian tells jokes and stories to an audience. Sitcoms originated in radio, but today are found mostly on television as one of its dominant narrative forms. This form can also include mockumentaries.

A situation comedy television program may be recorded in front of a studio audience, depending on the program's production format. The effect of a live studio audience can be imitated or enhanced by the use of a laugh track. During filming productions, the laugh track is usually prerecorded.[1]

History

The terms "situational comedy" or "sitcom" were not commonly used until the 1950s.[2] There were prior examples on radio, but the first television sitcom is said to be Pinwright's Progress, ten episodes being broadcast on the BBC in the United Kingdom between 1946 and 1947.[3][4] In the United States, director and producer William Asher has been credited with being the "man who invented the sitcom",[5] having directed over two dozen of the leading sitcoms, including I Love Lucy, from the 1950s through the 1970s.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Sitkom
Bân-lâm-gú: Sitcom
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сытуацыйная камэдыя
bosanski: Sitkom
čeština: Sitcom
dansk: Sitcom
Deutsch: Sitcom
Ελληνικά: Sitcom
Esperanto: Situacia komedio
euskara: Sitcom
français: Sitcom
한국어: 시트콤
հայերեն: Սիթքոմ
Bahasa Indonesia: Komedi situasi
ქართული: სიტკომი
Kiswahili: Ucheshi
kurdî: Sîtkom
Lëtzebuergesch: Sitcom
Limburgs: Sitcom
مصرى: سيت كوم
Bahasa Melayu: Sitkom
Nederlands: Sitcom
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਿਟਕਾਮ
polski: Sitcom
português: Sitcom
română: Sitcom
саха тыла: Ситком
Scots: Sitcom
shqip: Sitcom
Simple English: Situation comedy
slovenčina: Sitkom
slovenščina: Situacijska komedija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sitcom
Türkçe: Durum komedisi
اردو: سٹ کوم
粵語: 處境喜劇
中文: 情景喜剧