Sirocco

The winds of the Mediterranean

Sirocco (/), scirocco, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Catalan: Xaloc; Sicilian: Sciroccu; Greek: Σορόκος; Italian: Scirocco; Spanish: Siroco; Occitan: Siròc, Eisseròc; Croatian: Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.

Sirocco wind diagram by Piotr Flatau

Development

It arises from a warm, dry, tropical airmass that is pulled northward by low-pressure cells moving eastward across the Mediterranean Sea, with the wind originating in the Arabian or Sahara deserts.[1] The hotter, drier continental air mixes with the cooler, wetter air of the maritime cyclone, and the counter-clockwise circulation of the low propels the mixed air across the southern coasts of Europe.

Other Languages
العربية: شهيلي
aragonés: Saloc
azərbaycanca: Sirokko
беларуская: Сірока
български: Сироко
bosanski: Jugo
català: Xaloc
čeština: Jugo
corsu: Sciroccu
dansk: Scirocco
Deutsch: Scirocco
eesti: Siroko
Ελληνικά: Σιρόκος
español: Siroco
Esperanto: Siroko
euskara: Siroko
فارسی: سیروکو
français: Sirocco
Gaeilge: Sireacó
한국어: 시로코
հայերեն: Սիրոկկո
हिन्दी: सिरोको
hrvatski: Jugo
Ido: Siroko
italiano: Scirocco
ქართული: სიროკო
қазақша: Сирокко
latviešu: Siroko
lietuvių: Sirokas
lumbaart: Sirocch
македонски: Југо (ветар)
მარგალური: სიროკო
Nederlands: Sirocco (wind)
नेपाल भाषा: सिराँको
日本語: シロッコ
norsk: Scirocco
norsk nynorsk: Sjirokko
occitan: Siròc
polski: Sirocco
português: Siroco
română: Sirocco
русский: Сирокко
Scots: Sirocco
sicilianu: Sciroccu (ventu)
slovenščina: Jugo
کوردی: گێبڵی (با)
српски / srpski: Југо (ветар)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jugo (vjetar)
suomi: Sirocco
svenska: Sirocco
Türkçe: Sirokko
українська: Сироко
Tiếng Việt: Gió Sirocco
Zazaki: Sirokko
中文: 西洛可风