Sioux City, Iowa

Sioux City
City
Sioux City skyline.
Sioux City skyline.
Motto: "Successful, Surprising, Sioux City" [1]
Location in Iowa
Location in Iowa
Sioux City is located in the US
Sioux City
Sioux City
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°29′53″N 96°23′44″W / 42°29′53″N 96°23′44″W / 42.49806; -96.39556
Country United States
State Iowa
Counties Woodbury, Plymouth
Founded 1854
Incorporated 1857
Government
 •  Mayor Bob Scott [2]
 •  City Manager Robert Padmore
Area [3]
 •  City 59.49 sq mi (152.5 km2)
 • Land 58.35 sq mi (149.54 km2)
 • Water 1.14 sq mi (2.95 km2)
Elevation 1,201 ft (366 m)
Population ( 2010) [4]
 •  City 82,684
 • Estimate (2016) [5] 82,872
 • Rank US: 4th in Iowa
393rd in the US.
 • Density 1,449/sq mi (559.6/km2)
 •  Urban 106,494 (US: 292nd)
 •  Metro 168,714 (US: 241st)
Time zone Central ( UTC-6)
 • Summer ( DST) Central ( UTC-5)
ZIP codes 51101, 51102, 51103, 51104, 51105, 51106, 51108, 51109, 51111
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-73335
GNIS feature ID 0461653
Website City of Sioux City
Ho-Chunk Downtown
Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Downtown

Sioux City ( i/) is a city in Woodbury and Plymouth counties in the northwestern part of the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 82,684 in the 2010 census, which makes it the fourth largest city in Iowa. [6] [7] The bulk of the city is in Woodbury County, of which it is the county seat, though a small portion is in Plymouth County. Sioux City is located at the navigational head of the Missouri River. Often the city and surrounding area is referred to as Siouxland, especially by the local media and residents. The city is home to several cultural points of interest including the Sioux City Public Museum, Sioux City Art Center and Sergeant Floyd Monument, which is a National Historical Landmark. The city is also home to Chris Larsen Park, commonly referred to as “the Riverfront,” which is the launching point for a riverboat casino and includes the Anderson Dance Pavilion, Sergeant Floyd Riverboat Museum and Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center. Sioux City is the primary city of the five-county Sioux City, IANESD Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), with a population of 168,825 in 2010 and a slight increase to an estimated 168,921 in 2012. [8] The Sioux City– Vermillion, IA–NE–SD Combined Statistical Area had a population of 182,675 as of 2010 and has grown to an estimated population of 183,052 as of 2012. [8]

Sioux City is at the navigational head, or the most upstream point to which general cargo ships can travel, of the Missouri River, about 95 miles north of the Omaha–Council Bluffs metropolitan area. Sioux City and the surrounding areas of northwestern Iowa, northeastern Nebraska and southeastern South Dakota are sometimes referred to as Siouxland, especially by the local media.

Money recognized Sioux City in its August 2010 issue of the "Best Places To Live". [9] Sioux City is no longer on the list of the top 50 in 2016. [10]

Sioux City has a crime rate that is 100% higher than the average for Iowa and 63% higher than the national average. The violent crime rate is 47% above the Iowa average and 13% higher than the national average, based on the FBI's uniform crime reports for the year of 2015. [11] According to the report this represented an 11% increase over the prior year.

In 2008, 2009, [12] 2012, 2013 and 2015 the Sioux City Tri-State Metropolitan Area was recognized by Site Selection as the top economic development community in the United States for communities with populations between 50,000 and 200,000 people.[ citation needed] In March 2013, Site Selection also recognized Sioux City as the 4th Top Metro area in the Midwest Region behind 1st place Kansas City, 2nd place Minneapolis–Saint Paul and 3rd place Omaha-Council Bluffs. Sioux City was also ranked 1st in regards to Metro Populations between 50,000 and 200,000. [13]

Forbes placed the Sioux City metro in the Top 15 Best Small Places for Businesses and Careers in 2011. By 2015 it had fallen to number 54 on the list. [14] MSN.com ranked the area the #2 Most Livable Bargain Market. [15] The Daily Beast, an American news reporting website, placed Sioux City on their list of The Top 40 Drunkest Cities in America, with a ranking of 14th. [16] According to a 2015 University of Iowa study for the Iowa Initiative for Sustainable Communities, [17] blight and disinvestment are serious problems in the downtown core as investment has shifted to suburbs. [18]

History

Waterfront, circa 1912

Iowa is in the tallgrass prairie of the North American Great Plains, historically inhabited by speakers of Siouan languages. The area of Sioux City was inhabited by Yankton Sioux when it was first reached by Spanish and French furtrappers in the 18th century. The first documented US citizens to record their travels through this area were Meriwether Lewis and William Clark during the summer of 1804. Sergeant Charles Floyd, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, died here on August 20, 1804, the only death during the two and a half-year expedition. [19]

1859 map of route from Sioux City, Iowa, through Nebraska, to gold fields of Wyoming, partially following old Mormon trails.

Sioux City was laid out in the winter of 1854-55. [20] It became a major Entrepôt to the western Plains, including Mormons heading to Salt Lake City and speculators heading to Wyoming gold fields.

In 1891, the Sioux City Elevated Railway was opened and became the third steam powered elevated rapid transit system in the world, and later the first electric-powered elevated railway in the world after a conversion in 1892. However, the system fell into bankruptcy and closed within a decade. [21]

The city gained the nickname "Little Chicago" during the Prohibition era due to its reputation for being a purveyor of alcoholic beverages. [22]

On July 19, 1989, United Airlines Flight 232 crash landed at Sioux Gateway Airport, killing 111 people, but 184 survived the crash and ensuing fire due to outstandingly quick performances by fire and emergency local teams that earned them several National Congress Medals, given by President George H. W. Bush in 1990.[ citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: سيوكس سيتي
Bân-lâm-gú: Sioux City (Iowa)
български: Су Сити
català: Sioux City
dansk: Sioux City
Deutsch: Sioux City
eesti: Sioux City
español: Sioux City
français: Sioux City
Gàidhlig: Sioux City, Iowa
한국어: 수시티
Bahasa Indonesia: Kota Sioux, Iowa
italiano: Sioux City
עברית: סו סיטי
Kreyòl ayisyen: Sioux City, Iowa
मराठी: सू सिटी
Nederlands: Sioux City
нохчийн: Су-Сити
norsk: Sioux City
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sioux City (Iowa)
polski: Sioux City
português: Sioux City
русский: Су-Сити
Scots: Sioux City
Simple English: Sioux City, Iowa
српски / srpski: Су Сити (Ајова)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sioux City, Iowa
svenska: Sioux City
українська: Су-Сіті (Айова)
Tiếng Việt: Sioux City, Iowa
Volapük: Sioux City
中文: 蘇城