Siege of Tyre (1187)

Siege of Tyre (1187)
Part of Ayyubid-Crusader War
Tyre 1187.jpg
15th century miniature depicting a charge of the Christian defenders against Saladin's army. Part of the manuscript Les Passages d’Outremer, by Sébastien Mamerot.
DateNovember 12, 1187- January 1, 1188
Location
ResultCrusader Victory
Belligerents
Cross Templar.svg CrusadersFlag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubids
Commanders and leaders
Conrad of Montferrat
Sancho Martin
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Saladin
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Abd al-Salam al-Maghribi
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Abd al-Mohsen
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Al-Faris Bedran
Strength
unknown number of soldiers
17 galleys
unknown number of soldiers
10 galleys
Casualties and losses
LightHeavy

The Siege of Tyre took place from November 12, 1187 to January 1, 1188. An army commanded by Saladin made an amphibious assault on the city, defended by Conrad of Montferrat. After two months of continuous struggle, Saladin dismissed his army and retreated to Acre.

Background

After the disastrous Battle of Hattin, much of the Holy Land had been lost to Saladin, including Jerusalem. The remnants of the crusader army flocked to Tyre, which was one of the major cities still in Christian hands. Reginald of Sidon was in charge of Tyre and was in the process of negotiating its surrender with Saladin, but the arrival of Conrad and his soldiers prevented it. Reginald left the city to refortify his castle at Belfort, and Conrad became the leader of the army. He immediately began to repair the defenses of the city, and he cut a deep trench across the mole that joined the city to the shore, to prevent the enemy from approaching the city. The Muslim army arrived on November 12, and started the siege. The rest of the army arrived 13 days later.[1]