Siege of Tripoli

Siege of Tripoli
Part of Aftermath of the First Crusade
Bertrand de Saint-Gilles Debacq Alexandre-Charles (1804-1850).jpg
Fakhr al-Mulk ibn-Ammar submitting to Bertrand of Toulouse, 1842 painting by Charles-Alexandre Debacq
Date1102 to 1109
Location
The Emirate of Tripoli
ResultCrusader victory
Territorial
changes
Tripoli is captured, becomes the capital of the County of Tripoli
Belligerents
Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.svg Kingdom of Jerusalem
Armoiries Bohémond VI d'Antioche.svg Principality of Antioch
Blason Courtenay.svg County of Edessa
Blason Languedoc.svg County of Toulouse
Arms of Cerdanya.svg County of Cerdanya
Armoiries Gênes.svg Republic of Genoa
Seljuk Turks
Fatimid Caliphate (from 1108)
Commanders and leaders
Raymond IV of Toulouse 
William II of Cerdanya
Bertrand of Toulouse
Baldwin I of Jerusalem
Baldwin II of Edessa
Tancred of Galilee
Fakhr al-Mulk ibn-Ammar
Strength
Unknown number of Crusaders
Large Genoese fleet
Unknown
Casualties and losses
UnknownUnknown

The Siege of Tripoli lasted from 1102 until July 12, 1109. It took place on the site of the present day Lebanese city of Tripoli, in the aftermath of the First Crusade. It led to the establishment of the fourth crusader state, the County of Tripoli.

Background

After the capture of Antioch (June 1098) and the destruction of Ma'arrat al-Numan (January 13, 1099), the Syrian emirs were terrified of the advancing crusaders and quickly handed over their cities to the Franks. On January 14, Sultan ibn Munqidh, emir of Shaizar, dispatched an embassy to Raymond IV of Toulouse, one of the leaders of the crusade, to offer provisions and food for men and horses, as well as guides to Jerusalem. In February, the emir of Homs, Janah ad-Dawla, who had fought bravely at the siege of Antioch, offered horses to Raymond. The qadi of Tripoli, Jalal al-Mulk, from the Banu Ammar, sent rich gifts and invited the Franks to send an embassy to his city. The ambassadors marvelled at the splendors of the city, and an alliance was concluded. The crusades moved on to Arqa, which they besieged from February 14 to May 13, before continuing south to Jerusalem; they did not attack Tripoli or any other possessions of the Banu Ammar.