Siege of Kiev (1240)

Siege of Kiev
Part of Mongol invasion of Rus'
KIEV1240.jpg
Sack of Kiev in 1240
DateNovember 28-December 6, 1240
Location
ResultMongol victory; Kiev captured and plundered
Belligerents
Mongol EmpireAlex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Halych-Volhynia
Commanders and leaders
Batu KhanVoivode Dmitr
Strength
Unknown; probably large~1000
Casualties and losses
Unknown; not very heavy~48 000 (including noncombatants) killed

The Siege of Kiev by the Mongols took place between November 28 and December 6, 1240, and resulted in a Mongol victory. It was a heavy moral and military blow to Halych-Volhynia and allowed Batu Khan to proceed westward into Europe.[1]

Background

In 1237, the Mongols began their invasion of Rus by conquering the northern principalities of Ryazan and Vladimir-Suzdal. In 1239, they advanced against southern Rus, capturing the cities of Pereyaslav and Chernihiv.

When the Mongols sent several envoys to demand the city's submission, they were executed by Michael of Chernigov and later Dmytro.[2][3]

The next year, the Mongol general Batu Khan reached Kiev. At the time, the city was ruled by the principality of Halych-Volhynia. The chief commander in Kiev was Voivode Dmytro, while Danylo of Halych was in Hungary at that time, seeking a military union to prevent invasion. The number of defenders inside the city was only about 1,000.