Siege of Jerusalem (1187)

Siege of Jerusalem
ChristiansBeforeSaladin.jpg
Saladin and Christians of Jerusalem
Date20 September to 2 October 1187
Location
Result

Decisive Ayyubid victory

Belligerents
Vexillum Regni Hierosolymae.svg Kingdom of JerusalemFlag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubid Sultanate
Commanders and leaders
Vexillum Regni Hierosolymae.svg Balian of Ibelin Surrendered
Vexillum Regni Hierosolymae.svg Heraclius of Jerusalem Surrendered
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Saladin
Strength

Unknown, 60 impromptu Ibelin knights, plus the city watch of men-at-arms, archers and people recruited into the city's defence

  • likely strength around 4,000-6,000 men

Unknown,the army primarily made up of the surviving army from the Battle of Hattin and reinforcements gathered from Syria and Egypt.

  • likely strength around 20,000 men
Casualties and losses
UnknownUnknown

The Siege of Jerusalem was a siege on the city of Jerusalem that lasted from September 20 to October 2, 1187, when Balian of Ibelin surrendered the city to Saladin. All citizens were set free.[1] Though Jerusalem fell, it was not the end of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, as the capital shifted first to Tyre and later to Acre after the Third Crusade. Latin Christians responded in 1189 by launching the Third Crusade led by Richard the Lionheart, Philip Augustus, and Frederick Barbarossa separately.[2]

Background

The Kingdom of Jerusalem, weakened by internal disputes, was defeated at the Battle of Hattin on 4 July 1187. Most of the nobility were taken prisoner, including King Guy. Thousands of Muslim slaves were freed.[3][4][5] By mid-September, Saladin had taken Acre, Nablus, Jaffa, Toron, Sidon, Beirut, and Ascalon. The survivors of the battle and other refugees fled to Tyre, the only city able to hold out against Saladin, due to the fortuitous arrival of Conrad of Montferrat.

Other Languages
српски / srpski: Пад Јерусалима (1187)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Opsada Jeruzalema (1187)