Sic

The Latin adverb sic ("thus", "just as"; in full: sic erat scriptum, "thus was it written")[1] inserted after a quoted word or passage indicates that the quoted matter has been transcribed or translated exactly as found in the source text, complete with any erroneous, archaic, or otherwise nonstandard spelling. It also applies to any surprising assertion, faulty reasoning, or other matter that might be likely interpreted as an error of transcription.

The usual usage is to inform the reader that any errors or apparent errors in quoted material do not arise from errors in the course of the transcription, but are intentionally reproduced, exactly as they appear in the source text. It is generally placed inside square brackets to indicate that it is not part of the quoted matter.

Sic may also be used derisively by the proofreader, to call attention to the original writer's spelling mistakes or erroneous logic, or to show general disapproval or dislike of the material.[2]

Etymology and historical usage

Though occasionally misidentified as an abbreviated word, sic is a Latin adverb used in English as an adverb, and, derivatively, as a noun and a verb.[3]

The adverb sic, meaning "intentionally so written", first appeared in English circa 1856.[4] It is derived from the Latin adverb sīc, which means "so, thus, in this manner".[5]

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the verbal form of sic, meaning "to mark with a sic", emerged in 1889, E. Belfort Bax's work in The Ethics of Socialism being an early example.[6]

False etymologies

On occasion, sic has been misidentified as an acronym (and therefore sometimes misspelled with full stops/periods): "s.i.c." is said to stand for "spelled in context", "said in copy", "spelling is correct", "spelled incorrectly", and other such folk etymology phrases.[7] These are all incorrect and are simply backronyms from sic.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sic
العربية: تكذية (كتب)
azərbaycanca: Sic
български: Sic
bosanski: Sic
brezhoneg: Sic
català: Sic
čeština: Sic
dansk: Sic
Deutsch: Sic
eesti: Sic
Ελληνικά: Sic
español: Sic
Esperanto: Sic
euskara: Sic
français: Sic
galego: Sic
한국어: 시크 (인용)
hrvatski: Sic
Bahasa Indonesia: Sic
íslenska: Sic
italiano: Sic
Lëtzebuergesch: Sic
magyar: Sic
Nederlands: Sic (Latijn)
日本語: ママ (引用)
norsk: Sic
norsk nynorsk: Sic
polski: Sic!
português: Sic
română: Sic
русский: Sic
Scots: Sic
Simple English: Sic
slovenčina: Sic
српски / srpski: Sic
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sic
suomi: Sic
svenska: Sic
Türkçe: Sic
українська: Sic
Tiếng Việt: Sic
粵語: Sīc
中文: Sic