Siberia

Siberia

Russian: Сибирь (Sibirj)
       Siberian Federal District        Geographic Russian Siberia        North Asia
       Siberian Federal District

       Geographic Russian Siberia

       North Asia
Country Russia,  Kazakhstan
RegionNorth Asia, Eurasia
PartsWest Siberian Plain
Central Siberian Plateau
others...
Area
 • Total13,100,000 km2 (5,100,000 sq mi)
Population
(2017)
 • Total36,000,000
 • Density2.7/km2 (7.1/sq mi)

Siberia (ə/; Russian: Сиби́рь, tr. Sibírj;, IPA: [sʲɪˈbʲirʲ] (About this soundlisten)) is an extensive geographical region spanning much of Eurasia and North Asia. Siberia has historically been a part of modern Russia since the 16th and 17th centuries.

The territory of Siberia extends eastwards from the Ural Mountains to the watershed between the Pacific and Arctic drainage basins. The Yenisei River conditionally divides Siberia into two parts, Western and Eastern. Siberia stretches southwards from the Arctic Ocean to the hills of north-central Kazakhstan and to the national borders of Mongolia and China.[1] With an area of 13.1 million square kilometres (5,100,000 sq mi), Siberia accounts for 77% of Russia's land area, but it is home to approximately 36 million people—27% of the country's population. This is equivalent to an average population density of about 3 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.8/sq mi) (approximately equal to that of Australia), making Siberia one of the most sparsely populated regions on Earth. If it were a country by itself, it would still be the largest country in area, but in population it would be the world's 35th-largest and Asia's 14th-largest.

Worldwide, Siberia is well known primarily for its long, harsh winters, with a January average of −25 °C (−13 °F),[2] as well as its extensive history of use by Russian and Soviet administrations as a place for prisons, labor camps, and exile.

Etymology

The origin of the name is unknown. Some sources say that "Siberia" originates from the Siberian Tatar word for "sleeping land" (Sib Ir).[3] Another account sees the name as the ancient tribal ethnonym of the Sirtya [ru] (also "Syopyr" (sʲɵpᵻr)), an ethnic group which spoke a Paleosiberian language. The Sirtya people were later assimilated into the Siberian Tatars.

The modern usage of the name was recorded in the Russian language after the Empire's conquest of the Siberian Khanate. A further variant claims that the region was named after the Xibe people.[4] The Polish historian Chycliczkowski has proposed that the name derives from the proto-Slavic word for "north" (север, sever),[5] but Anatole Baikaloff has dismissed this explanation.[6] He said that the neighbouring Chinese, Turks, and Mongolians, who have similar names for the region, would not have known Russian. He suggests that the name might be a combination of two words with Turkic origin, "su" (water) and "bir" (wild land).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Siberië
Alemannisch: Sibirien
አማርኛ: ሳይቤሪያ
العربية: سيبيريا
aragonés: Siberia
arpetan: Sibèrie
asturianu: Siberia
Avañe'ẽ: Sivéria
azərbaycanca: Sibir
Bân-lâm-gú: Siberia
башҡортса: Себер
беларуская: Сібір
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сыбір
български: Сибир
Boarisch: Sibirien
བོད་ཡིག: སེ་པོ་རི་ཡ།
bosanski: Sibir
brezhoneg: Siberia
буряад: Сибирь
català: Sibèria
Чӑвашла: Çĕпĕр
čeština: Sibiř
Cymraeg: Siberia
dansk: Sibirien
Deutsch: Sibirien
dolnoserbski: Sibirska
eesti: Siber
Ελληνικά: Σιβηρία
español: Siberia
Esperanto: Siberio
euskara: Siberia
فارسی: سیبری
føroyskt: Siberia
français: Sibérie
Frysk: Sibearje
Gaeilge: An tSibéir
galego: Siberia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Siberia
한국어: 시베리아
հայերեն: Սիբիր
हिन्दी: साइबेरिया
hornjoserbsce: Sibirska
hrvatski: Sibir
Ido: Siberia
Bahasa Indonesia: Siberia
interlingua: Siberia
Ирон: Сыбыр
íslenska: Síbería
italiano: Siberia
עברית: סיביר
Basa Jawa: Sibèri
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಸೈಬೀರಿಯಾ
ქართული: ციმბირი
kaszëbsczi: Sybiriô
қазақша: Сібір
Kiswahili: Siberia
kurdî: Sîbîrya
кырык мары: Сибирь
Latina: Siberia
latviešu: Sibīrija
Lëtzebuergesch: Sibirien
лезги: Сибир
lietuvių: Sibiras
Limburgs: Siberië
lingála: Siberí
Lingua Franca Nova: Sibir
la .lojban.: siberias
lumbaart: Siberia
magyar: Szibéria
македонски: Сибир
മലയാളം: സൈബീരിയ
მარგალური: ცჷნდჷრი
مصرى: سيبيريا
Bahasa Melayu: Siberia
Mirandés: Sibéria
монгол: Сибирь
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆိုက်ဘေးရီးယား
Nederlands: Siberië
Nedersaksies: Siberie
नेपाल भाषा: साइबेरिया
日本語: シベリア
norsk: Sibir
norsk nynorsk: Sibir
occitan: Siberia
олык марий: Сивыр
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ସାଇବେରିଆ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sibir
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਾਈਬੇਰੀਆ
پنجابی: سائبیریا
Papiamentu: Siberia
Plattdüütsch: Sibirien
polski: Syberia
português: Sibéria
română: Siberia
русиньскый: Сибирия
русский: Сибирь
саха тыла: Сибиир
Scots: Siberie
shqip: Siberia
sicilianu: Sibberia
Simple English: Siberia
slovenčina: Sibír
slovenščina: Sibirija
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Сибирь
ślůnski: Syberyjo
српски / srpski: Сибир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sibir
suomi: Siperia
svenska: Sibirien
Tagalog: Siberia
தமிழ்: சைபீரியா
татарча/tatarça: Себер
తెలుగు: సైబీరియా
Türkçe: Sibirya
українська: Сибір
vèneto: Siberia
Tiếng Việt: Xibia
walon: Sibereye
West-Vlams: Siebeerje
Winaray: Siberia
吴语: 西伯利亞
ייִדיש: סיביר
粵語: 西伯利亞
Zazaki: Sibirya
žemaitėška: Sėbėrs
中文: 西伯利亚