Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath
SynonymsDyspnea, dyspnoea, shortness of breath (SOB), breathlessness, difficulty of breathing, respiratory distress
Classification and external resources
SpecialtyPulmonology
ICD-R06.0
ICD-786.09
15892
003075
Shortness of breath
D004417

Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough. The American Thoracic Society defines it as "a subjective experience of breathing discomfort that consists of qualitatively distinct sensations that vary in intensity", and recommends evaluating dyspnea by assessing the intensity of the distinct sensations, the degree of distress involved, and its burden or impact on activities of daily living. Distinct sensations include effort/work, chest tightness, and air hunger (the feeling of not enough oxygen).[1]

Dyspnea is a normal symptom of heavy exertion but becomes pathological if it occurs in unexpected situations[2] or light exertion. In 85% of cases it is due to asthma, pneumonia, cardiac ischemia, interstitial lung disease, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or psychogenic causes,[2][3] such as panic disorder and anxiety.[4] Treatment typically depends on the underlying cause.[5]

Definition

The American Thoracic Society defines dyspnea as: "A subjective experience of breathing discomfort that consists of qualitatively distinct sensations that vary in intensity."[6] Other definitions describe it as "difficulty in breathing",[7] "disordered or inadequate breathing",[8] "uncomfortable awareness of breathing",[3] and as the experience of "breathlessness" (which may be either acute or chronic).[2][5][9]

Other Languages
العربية: ضيق النفس
Avañe'ẽ: Ahógo
беларуская: Дыхавіца
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дыхавіца
català: Dispnea
čeština: Dyspnoe
Cymraeg: Diffyg anadl
dansk: Åndenød
Deutsch: Dyspnoe
ދިވެހިބަސް: ނޭވާ ކުރުވުން
Ελληνικά: Δύσπνοια
español: Disnea
Esperanto: Dispneo
euskara: Arnasestu
فارسی: تنگی نفس
français: Dyspnée
galego: Dispnea
한국어: 호흡곤란
հայերեն: Հևոց
Bahasa Indonesia: Dispnea
italiano: Dispnea
қазақша: Ентікпе
Кыргызча: Демигүү
Bahasa Melayu: Sesak nafas
Nederlands: Benauwdheid
日本語: 呼吸困難
norsk: Dyspné
norsk nynorsk: Andenød
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Nafas qisishi
پښتو: سالنډي
polski: Duszność
português: Dispneia
română: Dispnee
Runa Simi: Sasa samay
русский: Одышка
shqip: Dispnea
Simple English: Dyspnea
سنڌي: اڀ ساھي
slovenčina: Dyspnoe
slovenščina: Dispneja
српски / srpski: Диспнеја
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dispneja
svenska: Dyspné
తెలుగు: ఆయాసం
Türkçe: Dispne
українська: Задишка
walon: Tanfla
中文: 呼吸困难