Short-toed snake eagle

Short-toed snake eagle
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Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Accipitriformes
Family:Accipitridae
Genus:Circaetus
Species:
C. gallicus
Binomial name
Circaetus gallicus
(Gmelin, 1788)
CircaeutusGallicusIUCN2019-2.png
Range of C. gallicus      Breeding      Resident      Passage      Non-breeding

The short-toed snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus), also known as short-toed eagle, is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, buzzards and harriers. The genus name Circaetus is from the Ancient Greek kirkos, a type of hawk, and aetos, "eagle". The specific gallicus means "of Gaul".[2]

Range and habitat

This is an Old World species found throughout the Mediterranean basin, into Russia and the Middle East, and parts of Asia, mainly in the Indian Subcontinent and also further east in some Indonesian islands.

Those present on the northern edge of the Mediterranean and other parts of Europe migrate mainly to sub-Saharan Africa north of the equator, leaving in September/October and returning in April/May.[3] In the Middle and Far East the populations are resident. In Europe, it is most numerous in Spain where it is fairly common but elsewhere it is rare in many parts of its range. A bird on the Isles of Scilly, Britain, in October 1999 was the first confirmed record for that country.

The short-toed snake eagle is found in open cultivated plains, arid stony deciduous scrub areas and foothills and semi-desert areas.[4] It requires trees for nesting and open habitats, such as cultivations and grasslands for foraging.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: عقاب صرارة
azərbaycanca: İlanyeyən
башҡортса: Һунағара
беларуская: Арол-вужаед
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арол-вужаед
български: Орел змияр
brezhoneg: Skoulerer-hañv
Чӑвашла: Çĕлен хурчки
dansk: Slangeørn
eesti: Madukotkas
Ελληνικά: Φιδαετός
Esperanto: Serpentaglo
galego: Aguia albela
հայերեն: Օձակեր արծիվ
interlingua: Circaetus gallicus
kurdî: Margîr
Кыргызча: Жыланчы
latviešu: Čūskērglis
Lëtzebuergesch: Schlaangenaadler
Ligure: Agugia
македонски: Орел-змијар
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Lang Ular
Nederlands: Slangenarend
norsk: Slangeørn
Piemontèis: Circaëtus gallicus
português: Águia-cobreira
română: Șerpar
русиньскый: Крачун
русский: Змееяд
slovenščina: Kačar
српски / srpski: Змијар
svenska: Ormörn
తెలుగు: పాముల గద్ద
Türkçe: Yılan kartalı
українська: Змієїд
Tiếng Việt: Diều ngón ngắn
中文: 短趾雕