Short-beaked common dolphin

Short-beaked common dolphin[1]
Delphinus delphis with calf.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Artiodactyla
Infraorder:Cetacea
Family:Delphinidae
Genus:Delphinus
Species:
D. delphis
Binomial name
Delphinus delphis
Subspecies
  • D.d.delphis
  • D.d.ponticus
Cetacea range map Short-beaked Common Dolphin.PNG
Short-beaked Common Dolphin range
Synonyms[3]
  • Delphinus albimanus Peale, 1848
  • Delphinus algeriensis Loche, 1860
  • Delphinus delphus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Delphinus forsteri Gray, 1846
  • Delphinus fulvifasciatus Wagner, 1846
  • Delphinus fulvofasciatus True, 1889
  • Delphinus janira Gray, 1846
  • Delphinus loriger Wiegmann, 1846
  • Delphinus marginatus Lafont, 1868
  • Delphinus novaezealandiae Gray, 1850
  • Delphinus novaezeelandiae Wagner, 1846
  • Delphinus novaezelandiae Quoy & Gaimard, 1830
  • Delphinus vulgaris Lacépède, 1804
  • Delphinus zelandae Gray, 1853

The short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) is a species of common dolphin. It has a larger range than the long-beaked common dolphin (D. capensis), occurring throughout warm-temperate and tropical oceans, including the Indian Ocean although in smaller quantities than other places they are found.[4] There are more short-beaked common dolphins than any other dolphin species in the warm-temperate portions of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.[5] It is also found in the Caribbean and Mediterranean Seas. The short-beaked common dolphin is also abundant in the Black Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Red Sea. They follow the gulf stream up to Norwegian waters. Seldom do any short-beaked dolphin venture near the Arctic.[4]

Physical characteristics

Homodont (similar) teeth of the Delphinus delphis

The short-beaked common dolphin is a medium-sized dolphin, smaller than the more widely known bottlenose dolphin. Adults vary in length from five to eight feet and range in mass from 100 to 136 kilograms or 220.26 to 299 pounds.[4][6] Males are generally longer and heavier,[6] with a sexual size dimorphism of 1.06. Mature males also have prominent postanal humps. The color pattern on the body is unusual. The back is dark and the belly is white, while on each side is an hourglass pattern colored light grey, yellow or gold in front and dirty grey in back.[7] It has a long, thin rostrum with 50–60 small, sharp, interlocking teeth on each side of each jaw.[8] Juvenile dolphins have a more muted appearance and become more distinguishable when they mature.[9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gewone Dolfyn
brezhoneg: Delfin boutin
čeština: Delfín obecný
Esperanto: Ordinara delfeno
euskara: Izurde arrunt
hrvatski: Obični dupin
Livvinkarjala: Del'fiinu
Nederlands: Gewone dolfijn
norsk nynorsk: Gulflankedelfin
slovenčina: Delfín obyčajný
српски / srpski: Обични делфин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Obični dupin
suomi: Delfiini
svenska: Sadeldelfin
Türkçe: Tırtak
українська: Дельфін білобокий
Tiếng Việt: Cá heo mõm ngắn
Wolof: Piipa
中文: 真海豚