Shore of Grand Anse Beach, Saint George Parish, Grenada, West Indies
Sunrise on the Jersey Shore at Spring Lake, New Jersey, U.S.
Shore at Heishijiao Geological Park, Dalian, China
Aerial view of the shoreline at the Phi Phi Islands, Thailand

A shore or a shoreline is the fringe of land at the edge of a large body of water, such as an ocean, sea, or lake. In physical oceanography, a shore is the wider fringe that is geologically modified by the action of the body of water past and present, while the beach is at the edge of the shore, representing the intertidal zone where there is one.[1] In contrast to a coast, a shore can border any body of water, while the coast must border an ocean; in that sense a coast is a type of shore; however, coast often refers to an area far wider than the shore, often stretching miles into the interior.

Shores are influenced by the topography of the surrounding landscape, as well as by water induced erosion, such as waves. The geological composition of rock and soil dictates the type of shore which is created.


Riviera is an Italian word for "shoreline",[2][3][4] ultimately derived from Latin ripa ("riverbank"). It came to be applied as a proper name to the coast of the Ligurian Sea, in the form riviera ligure, then shortened to riviera. Historically, the Ligurian Riviera extended from Capo Corvo (Punta Bianca) south of Genoa, north and west into what is now French territory past Monaco and sometimes as far as Marseilles.[2][5][6] Now it is divided into the Italian Riviera and the French Riviera, although the French use the term "Riviera" to refer to the Italian Riviera and call the French portion the "Côte d'Azur".[3]

As a result of the fame of the Ligurian rivieras, the term came into English to refer to any shoreline, especially one that is sunny, topographically diverse and popular with tourists.[2] Such places using the term include the Australian Riviera in Queensland and the Turkish Riviera along the Aegean Sea.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: ضفة
aragonés: Ribera
Aymar aru: Qawaya
azərbaycanca: Sahil (coğrafiya)
বাংলা: তীর
Deutsch: Ufer
eesti: Rand
español: Ribera (orilla)
Esperanto: Bordo
فارسی: کرانه
français: Rivage
Gaeilge: Cladach
Ido: Rivo
Bahasa Indonesia: Bibir pantai
latviešu: Krasts
lietuvių: Krantas
Nederlands: Kustlijn
norsk nynorsk: Strandlinje
română: Mal
Simple English: Shore
українська: Берег