Artist's depiction of protesters watching a debtor in a scuffle with a tax collector by the courthouse at Springfield, Massachusetts
|Date||August 29, 1786 – June 1787|
|Goals||Reform of state government, later its overthrow|
|Methods||Direct action to close courts, then military organization in attempt to capture the U.S. arsenal at the Springfield Armory|
|Resulted in||Rebellion crushed, and problems of Federal authority linked to the Articles of Confederation spur U.S. Constitutional Convention|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in
In 1787, Shays' rebels marched on the United States'
The shock of Shays' Rebellion drew retired General
The economy during the
When the Revolutionary War ended in 1783, the European business partners of Massachusetts merchants refused to extend lines of credit to them and insisted that they pay for goods with hard currency, despite the continent-wide shortage of such currency. Merchants began to demand the same from their local business partners, including those operating in the market towns in the state's interior. Many of these merchants passed on this demand to their customers, although Governor
I have been greatly abused, have been obliged to do more than my part in the war, been loaded with class rates, town rates, province rates, Continental rates and all rates ... been pulled and hauled by sheriffs, constables and collectors, and had my cattle sold for less than they were worth ... The great men are going to get all we have and I think it is time for us to rise and put a stop to it, and have no more courts, nor sheriffs, nor collectors nor lawyers.
Veterans had received little pay during the war and faced added difficulty collecting pay owed to them from the State or the