Seville

Seville
Sevilla
Clockwise from top: St. Mary of the See Cathedral and Giralda, Plaza de España in the Maria Luisa Park, Metropol Parasol, the Isabel II ("Triana") bridge and the Torre del Oro.
Clockwise from top: St. Mary of the See Cathedral and Giralda, Plaza de España in the Maria Luisa Park, Metropol Parasol, the Isabel II ("Triana") bridge and the Torre del Oro.
Flag of Seville
Flag
Coat of arms of Seville
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Sev
Motto(s): NO8DO ([Usted] No me ha dejado – [You] have not abandoned me)
Seville is located in Andalusia
Seville
Seville
Seville is located in Spain
Seville
Seville
Seville is located in Europe
Seville
Seville
Coordinates: 37°26′38″N 5°59′13″W / 37°26′38″N 5°59′13″W / 37.44389; -5.98694
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Andalusia
ProvinceFlag of Diputacion de Sevilla Spain.svg Seville
ComarcaComarca Metropolitana de Sevilla
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • BodyAyuntamiento de Sevilla
 • Mayor (2015)Juan Espadas (PSOE)
Area
 • City140 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011) (INE)
 • City703,021
 • Rank4th
 • Density5,002.93/km2 (12,957.5/sq mi)
 • Urban1,107,000[1]
 • Metro1,519,639
Demonym(s)Sevillan, Sevillian
sevillano (m.), sevillana (f.)
hispalense
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode41001-41080
Websitewww.sevilla.org

Seville (l/; Spanish: Sevilla [seˈβiʎa] (About this sound listen)) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain. It is situated on the plain of the river Guadalquivir. The inhabitants of the city are known as sevillanos (feminine form: sevillanas) or hispalenses, after the Roman name of the city, Hispalis. Seville has a municipal population of about 703,000 as of 2011, and a metropolitan population of about 1.5 million, making it the fourth-largest city in Spain and the 30th most populous municipality in the European Union. Its Old Town, with an area of 4 square kilometres (2 sq mi), contains three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Alcázar palace complex, the Cathedral and the General Archive of the Indies. The Seville harbour, located about 80 kilometres (50 miles) from the Atlantic Ocean, is the only river port in Spain. Seville is also the hottest major metropolitan area in the geographical Western Europe, with summer average high temperatures of above 35 °C (95 °F).

Seville was founded as the Roman city of Hispalis. It later became known as Ishbiliyya (Arabic: إشبيلية‎)[2] after the Muslim conquest in 712. During the Muslim rule in Spain, Seville came under the jurisdiction of the Caliphate of Córdoba before becoming the independent Taifa of Seville; later it was ruled by the Muslim Almoravids and the Almohads until finally being incorporated into the Christian Kingdom of Castile under Ferdinand III in 1248.[3] After the discovery of the Americas, Seville became one of the economic centres of the Spanish Empire as its port monopolised the trans-oceanic trade and the Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) wielded its power, opening a Golden Age of arts and literature. In 1519, Ferdinand Magellan departed from Seville for the first circumnavigation of the Earth. Coinciding with the Baroque period of European history, the 17th century in Seville represented the most brilliant flowering of the city's culture; then began a gradual economic and demographic decline as silting in the Guadalquivir forced the trade monopoly to relocate to the nearby port of Cádiz.

The 20th century in Seville saw the tribulations of the Spanish Civil War, decisive cultural milestones such as the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 and Expo '92, and the city's election as the capital of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia.

Name

Etymology

Spal is the oldest known name for Seville. It appears to have originated during the Phoenician colonisation of the Tartessian culture in south-western Iberia and, according to Manuel Pellicer Catalán, meant "lowland" in the Phoenician language (similar to the Hebrew Shfela and cognate with Arabic Asfal أسفل).[4][5] During Roman rule, the name was Latinised as Hispalis. After the Umayyad invasion, this name was adapted into Arabic as Ishbiliyya (Arabic: إشبيلية‎): since p does not exist in Arabic, it was replaced by b; the Latin place-name suffix -is was replaced by its Arabic equivalent -iyya, and stressed a /æ/ turned into i /i/, due to the phonetic phenomenon called imāla.[6]

Motto

NO8DO is the official motto of Seville, popularly believed to be a rebus signifying the Spanish No me ha dejado, meaning "It [Seville] has not abandoned me". The phrase, pronounced with synalepha as [no ma ðeˈxaðo], is spelled with an eight in the middle representing the word madeja [maˈðexa] "skein [of wool]". Legend states that the title was given by King Alfonso X, who was resident in the city's Alcázar and supported by the citizens when his son, later Sancho IV of Castille, tried to usurp the throne from him.

The emblem is present on Seville's municipal flag, and features on city property such as manhole covers, and Christopher Columbus's tomb in the Cathedral.

Other Languages
Acèh: Sevilla
Адыгэбзэ: Севиджэ
Afrikaans: Sevilla
Alemannisch: Sevilla
አማርኛ: ሰቪያ
العربية: إشبيلية
aragonés: Sevilla
asturianu: Sevilla
Aymar aru: Sevilla
azərbaycanca: Sevilya
تۆرکجه: سویا (شهر)
bamanankan: Seville
Bân-lâm-gú: Seville
беларуская: Севілья
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сэвільля
български: Севиля
bosanski: Sevilla
brezhoneg: Sevilla
català: Sevilla
Cebuano: Sevilla
čeština: Sevilla
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Sevilla
Chi-Chewa: Seville
Cymraeg: Sevilla
dansk: Sevilla
Deutsch: Sevilla
eesti: Sevilla
Ελληνικά: Σεβίλλη
эрзянь: Севилья ош
español: Sevilla
Esperanto: Sevilo
estremeñu: Sevilla
euskara: Sevilla
فارسی: سویا (شهر)
français: Séville
Gaeilge: Sevilla
Gàidhlig: Sevilla
galego: Sevilla
گیلکی: سویل
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sevilla
한국어: 세비야
Hausa: Sevilla
հայերեն: Սևիլյա
hrvatski: Sevilla
Ido: Sevilla
Bahasa Indonesia: Sevilla
interlingua: Sevilla
Interlingue: Sevilla
Ирон: Севилья
íslenska: Sevilla
italiano: Siviglia
עברית: סביליה
Basa Jawa: Sevilla
Kapampangan: Seville
ქართული: სევილია
kernowek: Sevilla
Kiswahili: Sevilla
kurdî: Sevilla
Ladino: Seviya
Latina: Hispalis
latviešu: Sevilja
Lëtzebuergesch: Sevilla
lietuvių: Sevilija
lingála: Seville
magyar: Sevilla
македонски: Севиља
Malagasy: Sevila
മലയാളം: സെവിയ്യ
Malti: Sivilja
Māori: Seville
मराठी: सेबिया
მარგალური: სევილია
مصرى: سيبييا
Bahasa Melayu: Seville
Nederlands: Sevilla (stad)
日本語: セビリア
нохчийн: Севилья
Nordfriisk: Sevilla
norsk: Sevilla
norsk nynorsk: Sevilla
occitan: Sevilha
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sevilla
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਸ਼ਬੀਲੀਆ
پنجابی: اشبیلیہ
polski: Sewilla
português: Sevilha
română: Sevilla
Runa Simi: Sevilla
русиньскый: Севилья
русский: Севилья
संस्कृतम्: सेवील्ल
sardu: Sevilla
Scots: Seville
Setswana: Sevilla
shqip: Sevilja
sicilianu: Sivigghia
Simple English: Seville
slovenčina: Sevilla
slovenščina: Sevilja
ślůnski: Sevilla
کوردی: سێڤیلیا
српски / srpski: Севиља
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sevilla
suomi: Sevilla
svenska: Sevilla
தமிழ்: செவீயா
Taqbaylit: Sevilla
Tsetsêhestâhese: Sevilla
Türkçe: Sevilla
Twi: Sevilla
українська: Севілья
اردو: اشبیلیہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Séwéliye
vèneto: Sibilia
vepsän kel’: Sevil'j
Tiếng Việt: Sevilla
Volapük: Sevilla
Winaray: Sevilla
吴语: 塞维利亚
ייִדיש: סעווילא
Yorùbá: Seville
粵語: 西維爾
žemaitėška: Sevėlėjė
中文: 塞维利亚