This article possibly contains
Session musicians, also called studio musicians, are musicians hired to perform in
Many session musicians specialize in playing common instruments such as
Session musicians are used when musical skills are needed on a short-term basis. Typically session musicians are used by recording studios to provide
While band musicians obtain steady employment playing the same or similar music with their bands, the session musician needs skills to land short-term employment in many situations. Even if permanently employed by a studio, the session musician encounters more variety than a typical band musician. As well as musical skill, this type of career requires versatility, adaptability, and the ability to learn quickly. In a band, a musician can be deficient in certain areas and other band members can compensate until the musician learns or overcomes the deficiency, but a session musician must not introduce deficiencies into a session.
A session musician maximizes employability by being able to perform in many different styles and musical settings. A musical band may play music in a single genre, such as
Band musicians are able to
Session musicians must learn parts rapidly. This may involve any of the following:
In some session work, a player may need to both read and improvise, such as with a
The work of a session musician often is not integrated with that of other musicians until after the performance, being
There may be soundproofing barriers between the session musician and other musicians and the producer and engineer. This means that the visual cues that musicians use in live performances, such as head nods and hand signals, might not be feasible in the studio.
Session players need endurance, both psychological focus and physical, to keep playing solidly in time and in tune for lengthy recording sessions. Both individual songs and the entire recording session may be longer in duration than band musicians face.
There is no time for a session musician to learn the personalities of his team, as band members can adapt to one another. Session players need to be flexible, adapt to the requests made by the producer and engineer, and be calm enough to accept correction without introducing discord.