Serra dos Ancares

Serra dos Ancares
Sierra de los Ancares
Ancares 059.jpg
General view of the range
Highest point
Elevation1,987 m (6,519 ft)
Coordinates42°46′05″N 6°53′53″W / 42°46′05″N 6°53′53″W / 42.76806; -6.89806
Length95 km (59 mi) NE/SW
Width32 km (20 mi) NW/SE
Serra dos Ancares is located in Spain
Serra dos Ancares
Serra dos Ancares
Location in Spain

Lugo Province, Galicia

León Province, Castile and León
Parent rangeGalician Massif
OrogenyVariscan orogeny
Age of rockOrdovician
Type of rockSlate, limestone, sandstone, quartzite

The Serra dos Ancares (Spanish: Sierra de los Ancares, also known as Sierra de Ancares) is a mountain range of the Galician Massif in north-west Spain, extending in a south-westerly direction from the western end of the Cantabrian Mountains in Asturias.


The range forms the boundary between the autonomous communities of Galicia and Castile and León. The highest point of the range is the Cuiña Peak at 1,987 metres (6,519 ft). Other notable peaks are Mustallar (1,935 m) and Miravalles (1,969 m). The smaller Serra do Courel lies south of this range, stretching parallel to it.

The main trees in the range are willow and European alder close to water courses, as well as chestnut, ash, common hazel, oak and common holly. Above 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) there is brushland with tree heath and juniper.[1]

This area of Spain contains many isolated rural communities that were largely cut off from the outside world until roads were built in the mid 20th century. The most significant element of the whole architecture of the area is the palloza or casa teito, stone buildings of ancient origin, with a circular or elliptical plan.

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