## Series and parallel circuits |

Components of an
**series** and **parallel** and occur frequently. Components connected in series are connected along a single path, so the same
^{
[1]}^{
[2]} Components connected in parallel are connected along multiple paths, so the same
^{
[3]}

A circuit composed solely of components connected in series is known as a **series circuit**; likewise, one connected completely in parallel is known as a **parallel circuit**.

In a series circuit, the current through each of the components is the same, and the
^{
[1]} In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each of the components is the same, and the total current is the sum of the currents through each component.^{
[1]}

Consider a very simple circuit consisting of four light bulbs and one 6 V

In a series circuit, every device must function for the circuit to be complete. One bulb burning out in a series circuit breaks the circuit. In parallel circuits, each light bulb has its own circuit, so all but one light could be burned out, and the last one will still function.

- series circuits
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**Series circuits** are sometimes called *current*-coupled or

A series circuit's principle characteristic is that it has only one path in which its current can flow. Opening or breaking a series circuit at any point

In a series circuit the current is the same for all of the elements.

The total resistance of resistors in series is equal to the sum of their individual resistances:

- .

For a special case of two resistors in series, the total conductance is equal to:

However, in some situations it is difficult to prevent adjacent inductors from influencing each other, as the magnetic field of one device couples with the windings of its neighbours. This influence is defined by the mutual inductance M. For example, if two inductors are in series, there are two possible equivalent inductances depending on how the magnetic fields of both inductors influence each other.

When there are more than two inductors, the mutual inductance between each of them and the way the coils influence each other complicates the calculation. For a larger number of coils the total combined inductance is given by the sum of all mutual inductances between the various coils including the mutual inductance of each given coil with itself, which we term self-inductance or simply inductance. For three coils, there are six mutual inductances , , and , and . There are also the three self-inductances of the three coils: , and .

Therefore

By reciprocity = so that the last two groups can be combined. The first three terms represent the sum of the self-inductances of the various coils. The formula is easily extended to any number of series coils with mutual coupling. The method can be used to find the self-inductance of large coils of wire of any cross-sectional shape by computing the sum of the mutual inductance of each turn of wire in the coil with every other turn since in such a coil all turns are in series.

- .

Two or more

A

In a series circuit the voltage is addition of all the voltage elements.

Other Languages

العربية: دارة التوالي أو التوازي

বাংলা: সমান্তরাল ও শ্রেণি বর্তনী

català: Circuit en sèrie

čeština: Sériové zapojení

dansk: Serieforbindelse

Deutsch: Reihenschaltung

eesti: Jadaühendus

español: Circuito paralelo

Esperanto: Seria kaj paralela cirkvitoj

euskara: Serieko zirkuitu

فارسی: مدارهای سری و موازی

français: Circuit en série

Bahasa Indonesia: Rangkaian seri dan paralel

italiano: Circuiti in serie e in parallelo

עברית: חיבור בטור ובמקביל

latviešu: Virknes un paralēlais slēgums

Nederlands: Serieschakeling

日本語: 直列回路と並列回路

norsk: Seriekobling

norsk nynorsk: Seriekopling

polski: Połączenie szeregowe

português: Circuito série

Seeltersk: Riegenskaltenge un Parallelskaltenge

Simple English: Series and parallel circuits

српски / srpski: Serijska i paralelna kola

suomi: Sarjaan- ja rinnankytkentä

svenska: Seriekoppling

українська: Послідовне і паралельне з'єднання провідників

Tiếng Việt: Mạch nối tiếp và song song

中文: 串聯電路