Seminole, Texas

Seminole, Texas
The Gaines County Courthouse in Seminole.
The Gaines County Courthouse in Seminole.
Location of Seminole, Texas
Location of Seminole, Texas
Gaines County Seminole.svg
Coordinates: 32°43′7″N 102°39′0″W / 32°43′7″N 102°39′0″W / 32.71861; -102.65000UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)432
FIPS code48-66764[1]
GNIS feature ID1346888[2]

Seminole is a city in and the county seat of Gaines County in Texas, United States.[3] The population was 6,430 at the 2010 census.

It is the birthplace of country music singers Larry Gatlin and Tanya Tucker. Paul Patterson, the Western author and educator and mentor of Elmer Kelton, was born in Gaines County.


The land for Seminole was donated by nonresident landowners to become the county seat for Gaines County. In 1906, the first move to Seminole was made by W.B. Austin and his wife Emma, who moved their general store there, which was located in Caput, Texas. During this time, several post offices found a new home in Seminole. Seminole National Bank opened its doors in 1906, followed by First State Bank in 1907. In 1912, Seminole National Bank lost over $3,000 when it was robbed. In 1914, the two banks merged to form First State Bank. In 1950, Seminole's population surpassed Seagraves, Texas, for the first time.[4]

In 1977, some 100 families of Plautdietsch-speaking "Russian" Mennonites from Mexico bought land southwest of Seminole to settle there, but faced difficulties with immigration. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed legislation allowing the original 100 families to gain full citizenship. In 2016, about 6,000 Plautdietsch speakers lived around Seminole.[5]

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Seminole (Texas)
français: Seminole (Texas)
Kreyòl ayisyen: Seminole, Texas
Malagasy: Seminole, Texas
Nederlands: Seminole (Texas)
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Seminole (Texas)
Plattdüütsch: Seminole (Texas)
português: Seminole (Texas)
српски / srpski: Семинол (Тексас)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Seminole, Texas
українська: Семінол (Техас)
Tiếng Việt: Seminole, Texas