Second Army (United Kingdom)

Second Army
2nd british army badge large.png
British Second Army emblem during the Second World War
Active First World War
1914–1918
Second World War
1943–45
Country   United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Field army
Engagements First World War
Second World War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Horace Smith-Dorrien
Herbert Plumer
Miles Dempsey

The British Second Army was a field army active during World War I and World War II. During the First World War the army was active on the Western Front throughout most of the war and later active in Italy. During the Second World War the army was the main British contribution to the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 and advance across Europe.

First World War

The Second Army was part of the British Army formed on 26 December 1914, when the British Expeditionary Force was split in two due to becoming too big to control its subordinate formations. [1] The army controlled both III Corps and IV Corps. Second Army spent most of the war positioned around the Ypres salient, but was redeployed to Italy as part of the Italian Expeditionary Force between November 1917 and March 1918. [1]

In 1919 it was reconstituted as the British Army of the Rhine. [2]

Commanders