Kurz was born and raised in Meidling, Vienna. He acquired his Matura in 2004 at the GRG 12 Erlgasse and subsequently completed mandatory military service in 2005. Following the same year, Kurz attended the faculty of law (Juridicum) at the University of Vienna, but voluntarily left before graduating to focus on his political career. Kurz entered politics when he joined the Young People's Party (JVP) in 2003. Five years later he assumed his first political office there as chairman of the JVP for Vienna.
Following the resignation of Vice ChancellorReinhold Mitterlehner as chairman of the People's Party (ÖVP) in May 2017, Kurz was named his successor. Mitterlehner's withdrawal from politics led to the end of the Kern cabinet and triggered a legislative snap election in 2017; in which Kurz participated as the top candidate of his party, gaining tremendous popularity with his core topics of immigration and social politics. Ultimately, he and his party achieved the first place in the election, receiving 31.5% of the vote.
His style of governing is regarded as active and expeditious by supporters, but uncooperative and hasty by opponents. During most of his incumbency, Kurz was the youngest head of government in the world.
After his party won the 2019 legislative snap election, Kurz was again tasked with the formation of a new cabinet, his party entered into coalition negotiations with the Green Party in November. At the end of December it was reported that negotiations concluded successfully. He was again sworn in as chancellor on 7 January 2020.