Sebastián de Belalcázar

Sebastián de Belalcázar
Sebastian de Belalcazar.jpg
Sebastián de Belalcázar
Born1479 or 1480
Died1551
NationalitySpanish
Other namesSebastián de Benalcázar
Sebastián Moyano
OccupationConquistador
Known forSpanish conquest of the Inca Empire
Conquest of the Muisca
Founder of Cali
Founder of Pasto
Founder of Popayán

Sebastián de Belalcázar (Spanish pronunciation: [seβasˈtjan ðe βelalˈkaθaɾ]; 1479/1480 – 1551) was a Spanish conquistador. De Belalcázar, also written as de Benalcázar, is known as the founder of important early colonial cities in the northwestern part of South America; Quito in 1534 and Cali, Pasto and Popayán in 1537. De Belalcázar led expeditions in present-day Ecuador and Colombia and died of natural causes after being sentenced to death in Cartagena, at the Caribbean coast in 1551.

Early life

He was born Sebastián Moyano in the province of Córdoba, Spain, in either 1479 or 1480. He took the name Belalcázar as that was the name of the castle-town near to his birthplace in Córdoba.[1]:157 According to various sources, he may have left for the New World with Christopher Columbus as early as 1498, but Juan de Castellanos wrote that he killed a mule in 1507, and fled Spain for the West Indies due to fear of punishment, and as a chance to escape the poverty in which he lived.[citation needed]

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