The Scythians – the Greeks' name for this initially nomadic people – inhabited Scythia from at least the 11th century BCE to the 2nd century CE.[full citation needed] In the seventh century B.C. the Scythians controlled large swaths of territory throughout Eurasia, from the Black Sea to the borders of China.Its location and extent varied over time, but it usually extended farther to the west and significantly farther to the east than is indicated on the map.
Scythia was a loose nomadic empire that originated as early as 8th century BCE. Little is known of them and their rulers. The most detailed western description is by Herodotus. He may not have travelled in Scythia and there is scholarly debate as to the accuracy of his knowledge, but modern archaeological finds have confirmed some of his ancient claims and he remains one of the most useful writers on ancient Scythia. He says the Scythians' own name for themselves was "Scoloti". Probably a part of Scythians became increasingly settled and wealthy on their western frontier with Greco-Roman civilization.