Scuderia Toro Rosso

Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso-Honda
Scuderia Toro Rosso logo.svg
Full nameRed Bull Toro Rosso Honda
BaseFaenza, Italy
Team principal(s)Helmut Marko
(Advisor to Red Bull GmbH)
Franz Tost
(Team Principal)
Team ManagerGraham Watson
Technical directorJames Key
Founder(s)Dietrich Mateschitz
Websitescuderiatororosso.redbull.com
Previous nameMinardi F1 Team
2018 Formula One World Championship
Race drivers10. France Pierre Gasly[1]
28. New Zealand Brendon Hartley[1]
Test driversIndonesia Sean Gelael
ChassisSTR13[2]
EngineHonda RA618H[3][2]
TyresPirelli
Formula One World Championship career
First entry2006 Bahrain Grand Prix
Latest entry2018 United States Grand Prix
Races entered243
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories1
Points412
Pole positions1
Fastest laps1
2017 position7th (53 pts)

Scuderia Toro Rosso, commonly known as Toro Rosso or by its abbreviation STR and currently competing as Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda, is an Italian Formula One racing team. It is one of two Formula One teams owned by Austrian beverage company Red Bull, the other being Red Bull Racing. Toro Rosso functions as a junior team to Red Bull Racing, with the aim of developing the skills of promising drivers for the senior team. The team made its racing debut in the 2006 season, moving to complete independence from its sister team in 2010.[4]

The team was established after Paul Stoddart sold his remaining interest in the Minardi team at the end of 2005 to Red Bull's owner, Dietrich Mateschitz. Mateschitz subsequently struck a 50/50 joint-ownership deal with former Formula One driver Gerhard Berger before the start of the season. In late November 2008, Red Bull regained total ownership of Toro Rosso after buying back Berger's share of the team.[5]

From 2007 to 2013, Toro Rosso used Ferrari V8 engines, taking over the contract that their senior team broke from at the end of 2006 to switch engine builders to Renault. For 2014, Toro Rosso switched to Renault engines as well, but in 2016 returned to using Ferrari power. However, they switched back to Renault in 2017 (albeit under 'Toro Rosso' branding), then in 2018 to Honda. The team principal is Franz Tost, formerly of BMW's motor sport division.

Vitantonio Liuzzi scored the team's first point in its first season at the 2006 United States Grand Prix. The team's first and only pole position, podium and victory were scored by Sebastian Vettel at the 2008 Italian Grand Prix.

The team's set 2008 driver lineup was Sebastian Vettel, third driver for BMW Sauber in 2006 before switching to a race seat at Toro Rosso midway through the 2007 season, and Sébastien Bourdais, the four-time winner of the Champ Car World Series. For the 2009 season, Sébastien Buemi took Vettel's seat when he moved to the Red Bull team, while Bourdais was dropped after the German Grand Prix, following a series of poor performances that had only scored him two points. Jaime Alguersuari took over Bourdais' seat at the Hungarian Grand Prix, and kept the seat for the remaining part of the year. Both Alguersuari and Buemi raced for the team for all of the 2010 and 2011 seasons. It was announced on 14 December 2011, that Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Éric Vergne would be the team's drivers for the 2012 season.[6] At the 2013 Italian Grand Prix it was announced that Daniel Ricciardo had been chosen to succeed Mark Webber at Red Bull Racing. For 2014, Toro Rosso retained Jean-Éric Vergne and signed newcomer Daniil Kvyat. Kvyat spent one season with Toro Rosso before being promoted to Red Bull, and the team elected to overhaul their lineup by signing Carlos Sainz Jr. and Max Verstappen, who in 2015 became the youngest driver in Formula One history at just 17 years and 166 days old.

Origins

Toro Rosso headquarters in Faenza, Italy (2016)

Minardi had competed in Formula One from 1985 to 2005. Despite having a large fan base, it had been one of the least competitive teams in the sport, never achieving a podium finish and only finishing as high as fourth in three races. Owner Paul Stoddart claimed to have had 41 approaches to buy the team, but preferred to sell it to someone who could 'take it further' than he could and who would maintain it in its traditional base in Italy.[7] Included in the terms of the deal with Red Bull GmbH was the clause that the team must keep its headquarters in Faenza, Italy until at least the 2007 season.

Whilst Red Bull have abandoned the Minardi name in line with their own sponsorship and marketing plans, the use of the Italian language in the name is intended to hint at the team's Italian heritage. Red Bull changed the name of the team immediately after taking control of the team on 1 November 2005. It was initially reported as 'Squadra Toro Rosso' (team Red Bull) but then changed because squadra in Italian depicts a 'squad' like a football team, to 'Scuderia Toro Rosso'. Scuderia is Italian for a stable reserved for racing horses, and is also commonly applied to Italian motor racing teams. Many Minardi fans were upset by this move, and over 15,000 signed an online petition to keep the Minardi name, but were unsuccessful.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Toro Rosso
azərbaycanca: Toro Rosso
беларуская: Тора Роса
Bahasa Indonesia: Scuderia Toro Rosso
עברית: טורו רוסו
Bahasa Melayu: Scuderia Toro Rosso
norsk nynorsk: Scuderia Toro Rosso
русский: Торо Россо
Simple English: Scuderia Toro Rosso
slovenčina: Scuderia Toro Rosso
slovenščina: Scuderia Toro Rosso
српски / srpski: Торо росо
українська: Торо Россо
Tiếng Việt: Scuderia Toro Rosso