Scavenger

Sarcophaga nodosa, a species of flesh fly feeding on decaying meat.

Scavengers are animals that consume dead organisms that have died from causes other than predation.[1] While scavenging generally refers to carnivores feeding on carrion, it is also a herbivorous feeding behavior.[2] Scavengers play an important role in the ecosystem by consuming dead animal and plant material. Decomposers and detritivores complete this process, by consuming the remains left by scavengers.

Scavengers aid in overcoming fluctuations of food resources in the environment.[3] The process and rate of scavenging is affected by both biotic and abiotic factors, such as carcass size, habitat, temperature, and seasons.[4]

Etymology

Scavenger is an alteration of scavager, from Middle English skawager meaning "customs collector", from skawage meaning "customs", from Old North French escauwage meaning "inspection", from schauwer meaning "to inspect", of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scēawian and German schauen meaning "to look at", and modern English "show" (with semantic drift).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Aasdier
العربية: قمام
aragonés: Carnucero
azərbaycanca: Leş yeyənlər
čeština: Mrchožrout
Deutsch: Aasfresser
español: Carroñero
Esperanto: Kadavromanĝanto
euskara: Sarraskijale
فارسی: مردارخوار
français: Charognard
한국어: 청소 동물
हिन्दी: मुर्दाखोर
hrvatski: Strvinari
Bahasa Indonesia: Pebangkai
íslenska: Hrææta
ქართული: საპროფაგები
Kreyòl ayisyen: Chawoya
latviešu: Maitēdāji
magyar: Dögevő
македонски: Мршојадни животни
मराठी: मृतभक्षक
Bahasa Melayu: Pebangkai
Nederlands: Aaseter
日本語: 腐肉食
norsk: Åtseleter
norsk nynorsk: Åtseletar
Runa Simi: Aya mikhuq
русский: Падальщики
slovenščina: Mrhovinar
српски / srpski: Лешинар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Strvinari
svenska: Asätare
татарча/tatarça: Үләксә ашаучылар
Türkçe: Leşçillik
吴语: 食腐动物
中文: 食腐動物