Scandinavia

Scandinavia
Scandinavia.svg
Languages
Regional languages
DemonymScandinavian
Composition Denmark
 Norway
 Sweden
Sometimes also:[3]
 Finland
 Iceland
 Faroe Islands
 Åland Islands
Area
• Total
928,057 km2 (358,325 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 estimate
~21 million[citation needed]
• Density
22.7/km2 (58.8/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (Central European Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (Central European Summer Time)
Internet TLD

Scandinavia[a] (ə/ NAY-vee-ə) is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. The majority national languages of the region, and their many dialects, belong to the Scandinavian dialect continuum, and are mutually intelligible North Germanic languages.[4] The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. However, in English usage, the term also sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or to the broader region including Finland and Iceland, which is always known locally as the Nordic countries.[3][5]

While part of the Nordic countries, the remote Norwegian islands of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are not in Scandinavia, nor is Greenland, a constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark. The Faroe Islands are sometimes included.[6]

Toponymy

The name Scandinavia originally referred to the former Danish, now Swedish, region of Scania. Scandinavia and Scandinavian entered usage in the late 18th century, being introduced by the early linguistic and cultural Scandinavist movement.[7] The majority of the population of Scandinavia are descended from several North Germanic tribes who originally inhabited the southern part of Scandinavia and spoke a Germanic language that evolved into Old Norse. Icelanders and the Faroese are to a significant extent descended from the Norse and are therefore often seen as Scandinavian. Finland is mainly populated by Finns, with a minority of approximately 5%[8] of Swedish speakers. A small minority of Sami people live in the extreme north of Scandinavia. The Danish, Norwegian and Swedish languages form a dialect continuum and are known as the Scandinavian languages—all of which are considered mutually intelligible with one another. Faroese and Icelandic, sometimes referred to as insular Scandinavian languages, are intelligible in continental Scandinavian languages only to a limited extent. Finnish and Meänkieli are closely related to each other and more distantly to the Sami languages, but are entirely unrelated to the Scandinavian languages. Apart from these, German, Yiddish and Romani are recognized minority languages in parts of Scandinavia.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Skandinawië
Alemannisch: Skandinavien
አማርኛ: ስካንዲናቪያ
العربية: إسكندنافيا
aragonés: Escandinavia
arpetan: Scandinavie
asturianu: Escandinavia
azərbaycanca: Skandinaviya
Bân-lâm-gú: Skandinavia
башҡортса: Скандинавия
беларуская: Скандынавія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Скандынавія
български: Скандинавия
Boarisch: Skandinavien
bosanski: Skandinavija
brezhoneg: Skandinavia
català: Escandinàvia
Cebuano: Eskandinabya
čeština: Skandinávie
Cymraeg: Llychlyn
Deutsch: Skandinavien
dolnoserbski: Skandinawiska
Ελληνικά: Σκανδιναβία
español: Escandinavia
Esperanto: Skandinavio
euskara: Eskandinavia
Fiji Hindi: Scandinavia
føroyskt: Skandinavia
français: Scandinavie
furlan: Scandinavie
Gaelg: Loghlin
Gàidhlig: Lochlann
galego: Escandinavia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Scandinavia
հայերեն: Սկանդինավիա
hornjoserbsce: Skandinawiska
hrvatski: Skandinavija
Bahasa Indonesia: Skandinavia
interlingua: Scandinavia
íslenska: Skandinavía
italiano: Scandinavia
עברית: סקנדינביה
Basa Jawa: Skandinavia
ქართული: სკანდინავია
қазақша: Скандинавия
Kiswahili: Skandinavia
kurdî: Skandînavya
кырык мары: Скандинави
Latina: Scandinavia
latviešu: Skandināvija
Lëtzebuergesch: Skandinavien
lietuvių: Skandinavija
Limburgs: Scandinavië
la .lojban.: bertu'a
lumbaart: Scandinavia
magyar: Skandinávia
македонски: Скандинавија
Malagasy: Skandinavia
მარგალური: სკანდინავია
Bahasa Melayu: Skandinavia
Baso Minangkabau: Skandinavia
монгол: Скандинав
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စကင်ဒီနေးဗီးယား
Nederlands: Scandinavië
Nedersaksies: Skandinavië
Nordfriisk: Skandinaawien
norsk nynorsk: Skandinavia
Nouormand: Escaundinavie
occitan: Escandinàvia
олык марий: Скандинавий
Papiamentu: Skandinavia
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ស្កង់ឌីណាវី
Plattdüütsch: Skandinavien
polski: Skandynawia
português: Escandinávia
română: Scandinavia
rumantsch: Scandinavia
русиньскый: Шкандінавія
русский: Скандинавия
Seeltersk: Skandinavien
sicilianu: Scandinavia
Simple English: Scandinavia
slovenčina: Škandinávia
slovenščina: Skandinavija
Soomaaliga: Iskandanefiyan
српски / srpski: Скандинавија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Skandinavija
svenska: Skandinavien
Tagalog: Scandinavia
татарча/tatarça: Скандинавия
Türkçe: İskandinavya
українська: Скандинавія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: شىمالىي ياۋروپا
vèneto: Scandinavia
vepsän kel’: Skandinavii
Tiếng Việt: Scandinavie
Winaray: Eskandinabya
Kabɩyɛ: Skandinavii
Lingua Franca Nova: Scandinavia