Saulė

Saulė
Sun
Apeigine saule.jpg
Idol of the Sun used for peasant rituals in the 19th century.
Consort Mėnuo/ Mēness
Offspring Žemyna
Indraja
Sėlija
Žiezdrė
Vaivora

Saulė ( Lithuanian: Saulė, Latvian: Saule) is a solar goddess, the common Baltic solar deity in the Lithuanian and Latvian mythologies. The noun Saulė/Saule in the Lithuanian and Latvian languages is also the conventional name for the Sun and originates from the Proto-Baltic name *Sauliā > *Saulē. [1]

Representation

Saulė is one of the most powerful deities, the goddess of life and fertility, warmth and health. She is patroness of the unfortunate, especially orphans. The Lithuanian and Latvian words for "the world" (pasaulis and pasaule) are translated as "[a place] under the Sun".

Saulė is mentioned in one of the earliest written sources on Lithuanian mythology. According to Slavic translation of the Chronicle by John Malalas (1261), a powerful smith Teliavelis made the Sun and threw it into the sky. [2] Missionary Jeronim Jan Silvanus Prazsky (ca. 1369–1440) spent three years attempting to Christianize Lithuania and later recounted a myth about kidnapped Saulė. She was held in a tower by powerful king and rescued by the zodiac using a giant sledgehammer. Jeronim Prazsky swore that he personally witnessed the hammer, venerated by the locals. [3]

Other Languages
català: Saulé
čeština: Saule
français: Saulė
latviešu: Saule (dievība)
日本語: サウレ
norsk: Saulė
polski: Saule
中文: 绍莱斯