Saterland Frisian language

Saterland Frisian
Native toGermany
Native speakers
2,000 (2015)[1]
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3stq
Frisian languages in Europe.svg
Present-day distribution of the Frisian languages in Europe:
  Saterland Frisian
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Saterland Frisian, also known as Sater Frisian or Saterlandic (Seeltersk), is the last living dialect of the East Frisian language. It is closely related to the other Frisian languages: North Frisian, spoken in Germany as well, and West Frisian, which is spoken in the Dutch province of Friesland.

Old East Frisian and its decline

Old East Frisian used to be spoken in East Frisia (Ostfriesland), the region between the Dutch river Lauwers and the German river Weser. The area also included two small districts on the east bank of the Weser, the lands of Wursten and Würden. The Old East Frisian language could be divided into two dialect groups: Weser Frisian to the east, and Ems Frisian to the west. From 1500 onwards, Old East Frisian slowly had to give way in the face of the severe pressure put on it by the surrounding Low German dialects, and nowadays it is all but extinct.[clarification needed]

By the middle of the seventeenth century, Ems Frisian had almost completely died out. Weser Frisian, for the most part, did not last much longer, and held on only until 1700, although there are records of it still being spoken in the land of Wursten, to the east of the river Weser, in 1723. It held out the longest on the island of Wangerooge, where the very last Weser Frisian speaker died in 1953. Today, the Old East Frisian language is no longer spoken within the historical borders of East Frisia; however, a large number of the inhabitants of that region still consider themselves Frisians, referring to their dialect of Low German as Freesk. In this dialect, referred to in German as Ostfriesisch, the Frisian substratum is still evident, despite heavy Germanisation.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Saterfries
aragonés: Frisón oriental
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Усходнефрыская мова
brezhoneg: Frizeg ar reter
čeština: Sater-fríština
dolnoserbski: Saterfrizišćina
français: Frison oriental
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Saterland Frisia-ngî
hornjoserbsce: Saterfrizišćina
Limburgs: Saterfries
Livvinkarjala: Seelterskan kieli
Nederlands: Saterfries
Nedersaksies: Selterfrais
Nordfriisk: Saaterfrasch
پنجابی: ساترلینڈی
Plattdüütsch: Saterfreesche Spraak
Seeltersk: Seeltersk
suomi: Itäfriisi
svenska: Saterfrisiska
vepsän kel’: Päivnouzfrizan kel'