Sardinia

Autonomous Region of Sardinia
Sardegna (Italian, Ligurian)
Sardigna (Sardinian, Sassarese)
Saldigna (Gallurese)
Sardenya (Catalan)
Coat of arms
Anthem: Su patriottu sardu a sos feudatarios (Sardinian)
"The Sardinian Patriot to the Lords"
Sardinia in Italy.svg
E.U-Sardinia.png
Sardegna, Italy.jpg
StatusItalian region
Capital
and largest city
Cagliari
Official languages
Local languages
DemonymSardinian
Country Italian Republic
GovernmentAutonomous Region of Italy
• President of the Region
Francesco Pigliaru (PD)
LegislatureConsiglio Regionale
Autonomous Region
• Introduction
26 February 1948
Area
• Total
24,090 km2 (9,300 sq mi)
Population
• 2017 census
1,651,793[1]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
€33.6[2] billion
• Per capita
€20,071[2] (2011)
CurrencyEuro (€) (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Calling code+39
Patron saintAntiochus of Sulcis, Our Lady of Bonaria

Sardinia (ə/ DIN-ee-ə; Italian: Sardegna [sarˈdeɲɲa], Sardinian: Sardìgna/Sardìnnia [saɾˈdiɲɲa]/[saɾˈdinja], Sassarese: Sardhigna, Gallurese: Saldigna, Catalan: Sardenya, Tabarchino: Sardegna) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and before Cyprus). It is located west of the Italian Peninsula and to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica.

Sardinia is politically a region of Italy, whose official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna (Autonomous Region of Sardinia),[3] and enjoys some degree of domestic autonomy granted by a specific Statute.[4] It is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city, with Cagliari being the region's capital and its largest city as well. Sardinia's indigenous language and the other minority languages (Sassarese, Corsican Gallurese, Algherese Catalan and Ligurian Tabarchino) spoken on the island are recognized by the regional law and enjoy "equal dignity" with Italian.[5]

Due to the variety of its ecosystems, which include mountains,[6] woods, plains, largely uninhabited territories, streams, rocky coasts and long sandy beaches, the island has been defined metaphorically as a micro-continent.[7] In the modern era, many travelers and writers have exalted its beauty, remained untouched until the contemporary age and immersed in a landscape that houses the vestiges of the Nuragic civilization.[8]

Etymology

The name Sardinia is from the pre-Roman noun *s(a)rd-, later romanised as sardus (feminine sarda). It makes its first appearance on the Nora Stone, where the word Šrdn testifies to the name's existence when the Phoenician merchants first arrived.[9] According to Timaeus, one of Plato's dialogues, Sardinia and its people as well might have been named after Sardò (Σαρδώ), a legendary woman born in Sardis (Σάρδεις), capital of the ancient Kingdom of Lydia.[10][11] There has also been speculation that identifies the ancient Nuragic Sards with the Sherden, one of the Sea Peoples.[12][13] It is suggested that the name had a religious connotation from its use also as the adjective for the ancient Sardinian mythological hero-god Sardus Pater[14] "Sardinian Father" (in modern times misunderstood as being "Father Sardus"), as well as being the stem of the adjective "sardonic". In Classical antiquity, Sardinia was called Ichnusa (the Latinised form of Ancient Greek: Ἰχνοῦσα),[15] Σανδάλιον "Sandalion",[citation needed] Sardinia and Sardó (Σαρδώ).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Sardinië
Alemannisch: Sardinien
አማርኛ: ሳርዲኒያ
Ænglisc: Sardinia
العربية: سردينيا
aragonés: Cerdenya
arpetan: Sardêgne
asturianu: Cerdeña
azərbaycanca: Sardiniya
Bân-lâm-gú: Sardegna
беларуская: Сардзінія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сардынія
Bikol Central: Sardinia
български: Сардиния
Boarisch: Sardinien
bosanski: Sardinija
brezhoneg: Sardigna
català: Sardenya
Чӑвашла: Сардини
Cebuano: Cerdeña
čeština: Sardinie
corsu: Sardegna
Cymraeg: Sardinia
dansk: Sardinien
davvisámegiella: Sardinia
Deutsch: Sardinien
dolnoserbski: Sardiniska
eesti: Sardiinia
Ελληνικά: Σαρδηνία
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Sardàggna
español: Cerdeña
Esperanto: Sardio
estremeñu: Cerdeña
euskara: Sardinia
فارسی: ساردینیا
føroyskt: Sardinia
français: Sardaigne
Frysk: Sardynje
furlan: Sardegne
Gaeilge: An tSairdín
Gaelg: Yn Tardeen
Gàidhlig: Sardainia
galego: Sardeña
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sardegna
한국어: 사르데냐
Hausa: Sardiniya
հայերեն: Սարդինիա
हिन्दी: सारडीनिया
hornjoserbsce: Sardiniska
hrvatski: Sardinija
Bahasa Indonesia: Sardinia
interlingua: Sardinia
Interlingue: Sardinia
Ирон: Сардини
íslenska: Sardinía
italiano: Sardegna
עברית: סרדיניה
Basa Jawa: Sardinia
Kapampangan: Sardinia
ქართული: სარდინია
kaszëbsczi: Sardiniô
қазақша: Сардиния
kernowek: Sardayn
Kiswahili: Sardinia
kurdî: Sardînya
Latina: Sardinia
latviešu: Sardīnija
Lëtzebuergesch: Sardinien
lietuvių: Sardinija
Ligure: Sardegna
Limburgs: Sardinië
lumbaart: Sardegna
македонски: Сардинија
മലയാളം: സാർഡീനിയ
მარგალური: სარდინია
مازِرونی: ساردنی
Bahasa Melayu: Sardinia
Baso Minangkabau: Sardinia
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sardinia
Nederlands: Sardinië
Nedersaksies: Sardinië
Napulitano: Zardegna
нохчийн: Сардини
Nordfriisk: Sardiinien
norsk: Sardinia
norsk nynorsk: Sardinia
occitan: Sardenha
олык марий: Сардиний
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sardiniya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਾਰਦੇਞਾ
Papiamentu: Sardegna
Picard: Sardaigne
Piemontèis: Sardëgna
Plattdüütsch: Sardinien
polski: Sardynia
português: Sardenha
română: Sardinia
Runa Simi: Sardegna
русиньскый: Сардінія
русский: Сардиния
sardu: Sardigna
Scots: Sardinie
shqip: Sardenja
sicilianu: Sardigna
Simple English: Sardinia
slovenčina: Sardínia
slovenščina: Sardinija
ślůnski: Sardyńijo
Soomaaliga: Sardiiniya
کوردی: سەردینیا
српски / srpski: Сардинија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sardinija
suomi: Sardinia
svenska: Sardinien
Tagalog: Sardinia
tarandíne: Sardegna
తెలుగు: సార్డీనియా
Türkçe: Sardinya
українська: Сардинія
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ساردىنىيە ئارىلى
vèneto: Sardegna
Tiếng Việt: Sardegna
文言: 撒丁島
Winaray: Sardinya
Xitsonga: Sardinia
ייִדיש: סארדיניע
粵語: 薩丁島
中文: 撒丁岛
Lingua Franca Nova: Sardinia