Sarazm is located in Tajikistan
Location of the site in Tajikistan
LocationSughd Region, Tajikistan
RegionZarafshan Valley
Coordinates39°31′N 67°34′E / 39°31′N 67°34′E / 39.517; 67.567
Official nameProto-urban Site of Sarazm
Criteriaii, iii
Designated2010 (34th session)
Reference no.1141rev

Sarazm is an ancient town and also a jamoat in north-western Tajikistan. It dates back to the 4th millennium BCE and is today a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is located in Panjakent District in Sughd province.[1]

The archaeological site of the ancient city of Sarazm is located near Durman, a town situated in the Zarafshan Valley of north-west Tajikistan in the Sughd province near the border with Uzbekistan.

Site description

The site indicates an early steppe presence in the Zarafshan Valley. Around 3000 BC, it was the largest exporting metallurgical center of Central Asia.[2] It was abandoned after the arrival of the Andronovo settlers, around 2000 BC.

The city is believed to have been revived as a mining point to collect from nearby sources of turquoise.[3] Established no later than 1500 BC, the city also served as an important regional agricultural and copper production center.[4]

Wheat (free-threshing hexaploid) and barley (both naked and hulled) were discovered at the site, while evidence for broomcorn millet and pulses were not found. The naked barley found at Sarazm is similar in morphology to the barley found in sites in Pakistan such as Mehrgarh and Nausharo, and also similar to the barley found in the earliest sites in China where barley was first found.[5]

The town was discovered in 1976 by a veteran of the Great Patriotic War named Ashurali Tailonov who found a copper dagger protruding from a nearby construction site.[6] It was excavated by Abdullo Isakov and French archaeologists beginning in 1977.

Other Languages
العربية: سرازم
català: Sarazm
Deutsch: Sarasm
español: Sarazm
Esperanto: Sarazm
euskara: Sarazm
فارسی: سرزم
français: Sarazm
hrvatski: Sarazm
italiano: Sarazm
עברית: סראזם
ქართული: სარაზმი
Bahasa Melayu: Sarazm
नेपाली: सरज्म
日本語: サラズム
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sarazm
português: Sarazm
русский: Саразм
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sarazm
suomi: Sarazm
svenska: Sarazm
тоҷикӣ: Саразм
Türkçe: Sarazm
українська: Саразм
اردو: سرزم
Tiếng Việt: Sarazm