Sao Shwe Thaik


Sao Shwe Thaik
စဝ်ရွှေသိုက်

Sao Shwe Thaik.jpg
Speaker of the Chamber of Nationalities
In office
1952–1960
1st President of Burma
In office
4 January 1948 – 16 March 1952
Preceded byGeorge VI as the King of British BurmaHubert Rance
(as Governor of British Burma)
Succeeded byBa U
Saopha of Yawnghwe
In office
8 March 1929 – 2 March 1962
Preceded bySao Maung
Succeeded byNone (abolished)
Personal details
Born16 October 1895
Yawnghwe, Federated Shan States, British Burma
Died21 November 1962 (1962-11-22) (aged 67)
Rangoon, Burma
Political partyAFPFL
Spouse(s)Sao Nang Hearn Kham
Mya Win
Nyunt May
ChildrenHso Khan Pha
ParentsSir Sao Maung
Alma materShan Chiefs School, Taunggyi

Sao Shwe Thaik (Burmese: စဝ်ရွှေသိုက်, Burmese pronunciation: [saʔ ʃwè θaiʔ]; Shan: Jao Kham Suak 16 October 1895 – 21 November 1962) was the first president of the Union of Burma and the last Saopha of Yawnghwe. His full royal title was Kambawsarahta Thiri Pawaramahawuntha Thudamaraza. He was a well-respected Shan political figure in Burma. His residence in Nyaung Shwe (Yawnghwe), the Haw, is now the "Buddha Museum" and is open to the public.

Early life

Born on 16 October 1895,[note 1] Shwe Thaik was educated at the Shan Chiefs School in Taunggyi. He then entered the British military service during World War I, and also served in the Northeast Frontier Service from 1920–1923. In September 1927, he was chosen as successor to his uncle as saopha of Yawnghwe by the Federated Shan States' Council of Ministers.[1] He officially assumed office on 8 March 1929.[2] He again served in the military service from 1939 to 1942. He was married five times; his best-known wife was the first, Sao Nang Hearn Hkam, sister of the Saopha of North Hsenwi Sao Hom Hpa.[3] He had a total of three children.