Santiago

Santiago
Collage of Santiago, left to right, top to bottom: Santa Lucía Hill, panoramic view of Santiago, La Moneda, Statue of the Immaculate Conception, Torre Telefónica, National Museum of Fine Arts and National Library of Chile, Torre Entel, Estación Central Santiago Metro station and Railway Station and San Francisco Church.
Collage of Santiago, left to right, top to bottom: Santa Lucía Hill, panoramic view of Santiago, La Moneda, Statue of the Immaculate Conception, Torre Telefónica, National Museum of Fine Arts and National Library of Chile, Torre Entel, Estación Central Santiago Metro station and Railway Station and San Francisco Church.
Flag of Santiago
Flag
Coat of arms of Santiago
Coat of arms
Santiago is located in Chile
Santiago
Santiago
Location in Chile
Nickname(s): "The City of the Island Hills"
Coordinates: 33°27′S 70°40′W / 33°27′S 70°40′W / -33.450; -70.667
CountryChile
RegionSantiago Metropolitan Region
ProvinceSantiago Province
Foundation12 February 1541
Founded byPedro de Valdivia
Named forSaint James
Government
 • IntendantKarla Rubilar Barahona
Area
 • Total641 km2 (247.6 sq mi)
Elevation570 m (1,870 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total6,310,000
 • Density9,821/km2 (25,436/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Santiaguinos (-as)
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Postal code8320000
Area code(s)+56 2
HDI (2017)0.895 Very High
WebsiteOfficial website

Santiago (/, Spanish: [sanˈtjaɣo]), also known as Santiago de Chile ([sanˈtjaɣo ðe ˈtʃile] (About this sound listen)), is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. It is the center of Chile's largest and the most densely populated conurbation, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million. The city is entirely located in the country's central valley. Most of the city lies between 500 m (1,640 ft) and 650 m (2,133 ft) above mean sea level.

Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times. The city has a downtown core of 19th-century neoclassical architecture and winding side-streets, dotted by art deco, neo-gothic, and other styles. Santiago's cityscape is shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by parks such as Parque Forestal. The Andes Mountains can be seen from most points in the city. These mountains contribute to a considerable smog problem, particularly during winter. The city outskirts are surrounded by vineyards and Santiago is within a few hours of both the mountains and the Pacific Ocean.

Santiago is the cultural, political and financial center of Chile and is home to the regional headquarters of many multinational corporations. The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets mostly in nearby Valparaíso. Santiago is named after the biblical figure St. James. Santiago will host the 2023 Pan American Games.[1]

Nomenclature

Municipality of Santiago Commune

In Chile, there are several entities which bear the name of "Santiago" that are often confused. The Commune of Santiago, sometimes referred to as "downtown" or "Central Santiago" (Santiago Centro), is an administrative division that comprises roughly the area occupied by the city during its colonial period. The commune, administered by the Municipality of Santiago and headed by a mayor, is part of the Santiago Province headed by a provincial governor, which is in itself a subdivision of the Santiago Metropolitan Region headed by an intendant. Despite these classifications, when the term "Santiago" is used without another descriptor, it usually refers to what is also known as Greater Santiago (Gran Santiago), a territorial extension defined by its urban continuity that includes the Commune of Santiago in addition to 36 other communes, which together comprise the majority of the Santiago Province and some areas of neighboring provinces (see Political divisions).

The city and region's demonym is santiaguinos (male) and santiaguinas (female).

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Сантиаго
адыгабзэ: Сантьяго
Alemannisch: Santiago de Chile
አማርኛ: ሳንቲያጎ
Ænglisc: Santiago (Cile)
العربية: سانتياغو
armãneashti: Santiago
asturianu: Santiagu
Avañe'ẽ: Santiago de Chile
azərbaycanca: Santyaqo
تۆرکجه: سانتیاگو
bamanankan: Santiago
Bân-lâm-gú: Santiago
башҡортса: Сантьяго
беларуская: Сант’яга
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сант’яга-дэ-Чылі
भोजपुरी: सेंटियागो
Bikol Central: Santiago, Tsile
Bislama: Santiago
български: Сантяго де Чиле
буряад: Сантьяго
Чӑвашла: Сантьяго
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Santiago de Chile
Chi-Chewa: Santiago
chiShona: Santiago
davvisámegiella: Santiago
dolnoserbski: Santiago
eesti: Santiago
Ελληνικά: Σαντιάγο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Santiâg
эрзянь: Сантьяго ош
estremeñu: Santiago de Chile
eʋegbe: Santiago
فارسی: سانتیاگو
Fiji Hindi: Santiago
føroyskt: Santiago
français: Santiago
Gagauz: Santiago
Gàidhlig: Santiago
贛語: 聖地牙哥
Gĩkũyũ: Santiago
گیلکی: سانتياگؤ
ગુજરાતી: સેંટિયાગો
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍃𐌰𐌽𐍄𐌹𐌰𐌲𐍉
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Santiago
한국어: 산티아고
հայերեն: Սանտյագո
हिन्दी: सैंटियागो
hornjoserbsce: Santiago de Chile
Ilokano: Santiago
Bahasa Indonesia: Santiago de Chile
interlingua: Santiago de Chile
Interlingue: Santiago de Chile
isiXhosa: Santiago
isiZulu: ISantiago
íslenska: Santíagó
Basa Jawa: Santiago, Chili
kalaallisut: Santiago (Chile)
Kapampangan: Santiago
къарачай-малкъар: Сантьяго
ქართული: სანტიაგო
kernowek: Santiago
Kinyarwanda: Santiago de Chile
Kreyòl ayisyen: Santyago
Кыргызча: Сантьяго
кырык мары: Сантьяго
لۊری شومالی: سانتیاگو
latviešu: Santjago
Lëtzebuergesch: Santiago de Chile
lingála: Santiago
Livvinkarjala: Santjago
la .lojban.: santiago
मैथिली: सटियागो
македонски: Сантјаго
Malagasy: Santiago
മലയാളം: സാന്റിയാഗൊ
Māori: Santiago
მარგალური: სანტიაგო
مازِرونی: سانتیاگو
Bahasa Melayu: Santiago, Chile
Baso Minangkabau: Santiago
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Santiago
Mirandés: Santiago
монгол: Сантъяго
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဆန်တီယာဂိုမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Santiago
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Santiago
Nederlands: Santiago (Chili)
Nedersaksies: Santiago (Chili)
नेपाली: सान्टियागो
नेपाल भाषा: सान्टियागो
Napulitano: Santiago 'e Cile
нохчийн: Сантьяго
Nordfriisk: Santiago
Norfuk / Pitkern: Santiago
norsk nynorsk: Santiago
Novial: Santiago
олык марий: Сантьяго
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Santyago
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਾਂਤੀਆਗੋ
Pangasinan: Santiago (Chile)
پنجابی: سانتیاگو
Papiamentu: Santiago di Chile
Перем Коми: Сантьяго
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សាន់ត្យាហ្គោ
Piemontèis: Santiago dël Cile
Tok Pisin: Santiago
Plattdüütsch: Santiago de Chile
polski: Santiago
Ποντιακά: Σαντιάγκο
português: Santiago (Chile)
Qaraqalpaqsha: Santiago
qırımtatarca: Santyago, Çile
reo tahiti: Santiago de Chile
Runa Simi: Chili Santiyayu
русский: Сантьяго
саха тыла: Сантьяго
Scots: Santiago
shqip: Santiago
Simple English: Santiago, Chile
slovenčina: Santiago (Čile)
slovenščina: Santiago de Chile
ślůnski: Santiago (Czile)
Soomaaliga: Santiyaago
کوردی: سانتیاگۆ
Sranantongo: Santiago
српски / srpski: Сантијаго де Чиле
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Santiago de Chile
Basa Sunda: Santiago, Cilé
Taqbaylit: Santiago
татарча/tatarça: Сантьяго
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏌᏂᏘᎠᎪ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Santiago (Chile)
Türkçe: Santiago, Şili
Türkmençe: Santiýago
тыва дыл: Сантияго
удмурт: Сантияго
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Santiago
українська: Сантьяго
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Santiyago
vepsän kel’: Santjago
Tiếng Việt: Santiago de Chile
Võro: Santiago
文言: 聖地亞哥
West-Vlams: Santiago
Wolof: Santiag
吴语: 圣地牙哥
ייִדיש: סאנטיאגא
Yorùbá: Santiago
粵語: 聖地亞哥
Zazaki: Santiago
Zeêuws: Santiago
žemaitėška: Santjags
Lingua Franca Nova: Santiago, Txile