Santee Canal

Santee Canal
Santee Canal.jpg
Frierson's Lock on the Old Santee Canal
Santee Canal is located in South Carolina
Santee Canal
Santee Canal is located in the US
Santee Canal
LocationBerkeley County, South Carolina, USA
Nearest cityMoncks Corner, South Carolina
Coordinates33°25′36″N 80°6′7″W / 33°25′36″N 80°6′7″W / 33.42667; -80.10194
Area50 acres (20 ha)
Built1793-1800
ArchitectCol. John Christian Senf
NRHP reference #82003833[1]
Added to NRHPAugust 11, 1982

The Santee Canal was one of the earliest canals built in the United States. It was built to provide a direct water route between Charleston and Columbia, the new South Carolina state capital.[2][3] It was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

History

In 1786, the South Carolina General Assembly chartered a company to construct and maintain the inland canal linking the Cooper River near Charleston, with the Santee River. The Santee River connects to the Congaree River and the City of Columbia. Construction started in 1793 under the direction of Engineer Col. John Christian Senf. It opened in 1800.

It was 22 miles (35 km) long. It had two double locks and eight single locks. Its width was 35 feet (11 m) at the water's surface and 20 feet (6.1 m) at the bottom. Its depth was 4 feet (1.2 m).

Due to low traffic, poor construction, and droughts, the canal was not a financial success. The construction of railroads sealed its fate. It lost its state charter in 1853. It was not used after 1865. Much of it was flooded by the construction of Lake Moultrie.[4][5]

Additional pictures and information are available from the Historic American Buildings Survey at the Library of Congress.[6]

Other Languages
Cebuano: Santee Canal