Santa Tecla, El Salvador

Santa Tecla
Flag of Santa Tecla
Flag
Official seal of Santa Tecla
Seal
Nickname(s): Tecla, Nueva San Salvador
Motto: ¡Inseparable de Ti!
Santa Tecla is located in El Salvador
Santa Tecla
Santa Tecla
Coordinates: 13°40′23″N 89°14′26″W / 13°40′23″N 89°14′26″W / 13.67306; -89.24056
Country   El Salvador
Department La Libertad Department
Pueblo 1854
City 1854
Government
 • Type Democratic, Mayor-Council Municipality
 • Mayor Roberto D'Aubuisson, Jr ( ARENA)
Area
 • Urban 9.0 km2 (5.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 112.2 km2 (43.3 sq mi)
Elevation 931 m (3,053.6 ft)
Population (2013)
 • City 133,601
 • Density 1,902/km2 (36,200/sq mi)
 •  Urban 199,103
 •  Metro 213,430
 •  Demonym Tecleño
Time zone Central (−6)
Area code(s) + 503
HDI (2007) 0.821 – very high [1]
Website http://www.santatecladigital.gob.sv//

Santa Tecla is a municipality in the La Libertad department of El Salvador. It is the capital of the department of La Libertad. [2]

The city was named after Saint Thecla who was a saint of the early Christian Church, and a reported follower of Paul of Tarsus in the 1st century AD. She is not mentioned in the New Testament, but the earliest record of her comes from the apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla, probably composed in the early 2nd century.

Santa Tecla is situated at the southern foot of the San Salvador Volcano, and very close to San Salvador (14.5 km, the capital city. The municipality of Antiguo Cuscatlán sits on its eastern border.

History

Santa Tecla was founded as "Nueva San Salvador" on August 8, 1854, by President José María San Martín after the capital city was destroyed by an earthquake. It served as capital of the republic from 1855 to 1859 and became departmental capital in 1865. The continued development of the city was spurred by the success of the local coffee industry, becoming a very productive commercial city.

In 2003, the city was renamed "Santa Tecla," which was the historical name of the region prior to the founding of the city. On the occasion of its 150th anniversary(1854–2004) 2 concerts were presented by the renowned tenor, Fernando del Valle, great, great grandson of Andrés del Valle, president of El Salvador in 1876, and a direct descendant of Colonel José María San Martín, [3] President of El Salvador (1854–56). The tenor requested that the first concert take place on September 23, the feast day of the saint for whom the city is named. [4]

Its current mayor is Roberto D'Aubuisson, Jr, of the ARENA party. The FMLN Party had held the office in Santa Tecla for 5 terms. [5]

Municipal government and information

In recent decades, Santa Tecla has received a major influx of new residents, which among other things, has led to the invasion of the main streets by informal sector traders in search of livelihood. The most rapid urban growth and disorderly, occurs in the period 1968–2000, when they occur as natural disasters and social civil war in the eighties and the 1986 earthquake that struck San Salvador in particular.

The urban extension to Santa Tecla breaks the boundaries of the restricted nature areas established by the Metro Plan 80–2000 (which regulates land use planning and land use in the municipalities of Greater San Salvador), producing a great impact environment in the foothills of the San Salvador volcano and in the Balsam mountains.

That combination of factors led to the loss of human lives in the Colonia Las Colinas, a development authorized by the Central Government in restricted areas of the Cordillera del Balsamo, during the earthquakes of January and February 2001. This event marked the Municipal Government for the need to plan better and with the participation of the citizenry, the development of the city. In this context, in 2002 the City Council led by Mayor Oscar Ortiz, starts the new participatory strategic planning process concluding with the Participatory Strategic Plan (PEP) of Santa Tecla for the period 2002 to 2012.

Administrative divisions

Santa Tecla has the following 15 cantons:

  • El Progreso
  • Victoria
  • El Quequeisque
  • Buena Vista
  • Los Alvarez
  • Loma Larga
  • Los Amates
  • Santa Tecla
  • El Sacazil
  • El Limón
  • El Matazano
  • Ayagualo
  • Las Granadillas
  • El Triunfo
  • Los Pajales
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