Santa Cruz Island

  • santa cruz island
    native name:
    limuw
    michumash
    santa cruz island by sentinel-2.jpg
    esa satellite image of santa cruz island
    geography
    coordinates34°00′n 119°43′w / 34°00′n 119°43′w / 34.000; -119.717
    area250 km2 (97 sq mi)
    length35 km (21.7 mi)
    width10 km (6 mi)
    highest elevation740 m (2,430 ft)
    highest pointdevils peak
    administration
    united states
    statecalifornia
    countysanta barbara
    demographics
    populationrangers and tourists are the only residents
    map of the channel islands
    the north coast of santa cruz island in august

    santa cruz island (spanish: isla santa cruz, chumash: limuw[1]) is located off the southwestern coast of california, united states. it is the largest island in california,[2] and largest of the eight islands in the channel islands archipelago.[3] forming part of the northern group of the channel islands, santa cruz is 22 miles (35 km) long and 2 to 6 miles (3 to 10 km) wide with an area of 61,764.6 acres (249.952 km2).

    the island's coastline has steep cliffs, large sea caves, coves, and sandy beaches. the highest point is devils peak, at over 2,450 feet (747 m). a central valley splits the island along the santa cruz island fault, with volcanic rock on the north and older sedimentary rock on the south. this volcanic rock was heavily fractured during an uplift phase that formed the island, and over a hundred large sea caves have been carved into the resulting faults. the largest of these is painted cave, among[quantify] the world's largest.[4]

    for administrative purposes the island is part of santa barbara county, california. the 2000 census showed an official population of two people.[5] santa cruz is the largest privately owned island off the continental united states. ownership is split between the national park service (24%) and the nature conservancy (76%).[3]

    santa cruz island is home to some endemic species of animals and plants, including the santa cruz island fox (urocyon littoralis santacruzae), a subspecies of the island fox.

  • history
  • wildlife, plants, and climate
  • transportation
  • references
  • external links

Santa Cruz Island
Native name:
Limuw
Michumash
Santa Cruz Island by Sentinel-2.jpg
ESA satellite image of Santa Cruz Island
Geography
Coordinates34°00′N 119°43′W / 34°00′N 119°43′W / 34.000; -119.717
Area250 km2 (97 sq mi)
Length35 km (21.7 mi)
Width10 km (6 mi)
Highest elevation740 m (2,430 ft)
Highest pointDevils Peak
Administration
United States
StateCalifornia
CountySanta Barbara
Demographics
PopulationRangers and tourists are the only residents
Map of the Channel Islands
The north coast of Santa Cruz Island in August

Santa Cruz Island (Spanish: Isla Santa Cruz, Chumash: Limuw[1]) is located off the southwestern coast of California, United States. It is the largest island in California,[2] and largest of the eight islands in the Channel Islands archipelago.[3] Forming part of the northern group of the Channel Islands, Santa Cruz is 22 miles (35 km) long and 2 to 6 miles (3 to 10 km) wide with an area of 61,764.6 acres (249.952 km2).

The island's coastline has steep cliffs, large sea caves, coves, and sandy beaches. The highest point is Devils Peak, at over 2,450 feet (747 m). A central valley splits the island along the Santa Cruz Island Fault, with volcanic rock on the north and older sedimentary rock on the south. This volcanic rock was heavily fractured during an uplift phase that formed the island, and over a hundred large sea caves have been carved into the resulting faults. The largest of these is Painted Cave, among[quantify] the world's largest.[4]

For administrative purposes the island is part of Santa Barbara County, California. The 2000 census showed an official population of two people.[5] Santa Cruz is the largest privately owned island off the continental United States. Ownership is split between the National Park Service (24%) and the Nature Conservancy (76%).[3]

Santa Cruz Island is home to some endemic species of animals and plants, including the Santa Cruz Island fox (Urocyon littoralis santacruzae), a subspecies of the island fox.

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