Samuel Alito

Samuel Alito
Samuel Alito official photo.jpg
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Assumed office
January 31, 2006
Nominated byGeorge W. Bush
Preceded bySandra Day O'Connor
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
In office
April 30, 1990 – January 31, 2006
Nominated byGeorge H. W. Bush
Preceded byJohn Joseph Gibbons
Succeeded byJoseph A. Greenaway Jr.
United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey
In office
December 28, 1987 – April 30, 1990
PresidentRonald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
Preceded byThomas Greelish
Succeeded byMichael Chertoff
Personal details
BornSamuel Anthony Alito Jr.
(1950-04-01) April 1, 1950 (age 68)
Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.
Spouse(s)Martha Bomgardner (m. 1985)
EducationPrinceton University (BA)
Yale University (JD)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1972–1980
RankUS-O3 insignia.svg Captain
UnitArmy Reserve
Signal Corps

Samuel Anthony Alito Jr. (/; born April 1, 1950) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by President George W. Bush and has served on the court since January 31, 2006.[1]

Raised in Hamilton Township, New Jersey and educated at Princeton University and Yale Law School, Alito served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey and a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit before joining the Supreme Court. He is the 110th Justice, the second Italian American, and the eleventh Roman Catholic to serve on the court.

Alito is considered "one of the most conservative justices on the Court".[2] He has described himself as a "practical originalist".[3] Alito's majority opinions in landmark cases include McDonald v. Chicago and Burwell v. Hobby Lobby.

Early life and education

Alito was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Samuel A. Alito, Sr., an Italian immigrant, and Rose Fradusco, an Italian-American.[4][5] Alito's father, now deceased, was a high school teacher and then became the first Director of the New Jersey Office of Legislative Services, a state government position he held from 1952 to 1984. Alito's mother is a retired schoolteacher.

Alito grew up in Hamilton Township, New Jersey, a suburb of Trenton.[6] He graduated from Steinert High School in Hamilton Township as the class valedictorian,[7] and graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs in 1972 before attending Yale Law School, where he served as an editor on the Yale Law Journal and earned a Juris Doctor in 1975.

At Princeton, Alito chaired a student conference in 1971 called "The Boundaries of Privacy in American Society" which, among other things, supported curbs on domestic intelligence gathering and anticipated the need for a statute and a court to oversee national security surveillance.[8] The conference report itself also called for the decriminalization of sodomy, and urged for an end to discrimination against gays in hiring by employers. "Though Alito's name is attached to the chair's report, it remains unclear to what extent the report represented his personal opinions. Alumni, who served as 'commissioners' for the junior conference Alito chaired, offered conflicting information on how best to interpret the report."[9] He also led the American Whig-Cliosophic Society's Debate Panel during his time at Princeton.[10] Alito avoided the eating clubs at Princeton University and instead joined Stevenson Hall.[11]

While a sophomore at Princeton, Alito received a low lottery number, 32, in the Selective Service drawing on December 1, 1969.[12] In 1970, he became a member of the school's Army ROTC program, attending a six-week basic training camp that year at Fort Knox, Kentucky. Alito was a member of the Concerned Alumni of Princeton, which was formed in October 1972 at least in part to oppose Princeton's decisions regarding affirmative action. Apart from Alito's written 1985 statement of membership of CAP on a job application, which Alito says was truthful, there is no other documentation of Alito's involvement with or contributions in the group. Alito has cited the banning and subsequent treatment of ROTC by the university as his reason for belonging to CAP.

At Princeton, Alito was "almost alone" in his familiarity with the writings of John Marshall Harlan II[13] and was much influenced by the course on constitution interpretation taught by Walter F. Murphy, also his faculty adviser.[13]

During his senior year at Princeton, Alito moved out of New Jersey for the first time to study in Italy, where he wrote his thesis on the Italian legal system.[14] Graduating in 1972, Alito left a sign of his lofty aspirations in his yearbook, which said that he hoped to "eventually warm a seat on the Supreme Court".[15]

He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Signal Corps after his graduation from Princeton and assigned to the United States Army Reserve. At Yale, Alito was a classmate of future-Dean Anthony T. Kronman and was one year behind future-Justice Clarence Thomas.[11] Following his graduation from Yale Law School, he served on active duty from September to December 1975. The remainder of his time in the Army was served in the inactive Reserves. He was a captain when he received an honorable discharge in 1980.[12]

Other Languages
العربية: صامويل أليتو
Deitsch: Samuel Alito
Deutsch: Samuel Alito
español: Samuel Alito
français: Samuel Alito
íslenska: Samuel Alito
italiano: Samuel Alito
magyar: Samuel Alito
Nederlands: Samuel Alito
polski: Samuel Alito
português: Samuel Alito
română: Samuel Alito
Simple English: Samuel Alito
српски / srpski: Самјуел Алито
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Samuel Alito
svenska: Samuel Alito
українська: Семюел Аліто