Salvatore Quasimodo

Salvatore Quasimodo
Salvatore Quasimodo 1959.jpg
Born(1901-08-20)20 August 1901
Modica, Sicily, Italy
Died14 June 1968(1968-06-14) (aged 66)
Naples, Campania, Italy
Resting placeCimitero Monumentale, Milan, Italy
Literary movementHermeticism (poetry)
Notable awardsNobel Prize in Literature

Salvatore Quasimodo (Italian: [salvaˈtoːre kwaˈziːmodo]; August 20, 1901 – June 14, 1968) was a Sicilian novelist and poet. In 1959 he won the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times".[1] Along with Giuseppe Ungaretti and Eugenio Montale, he is one of the foremost Italian poets of the 20th century.


Quasimodo was born in Modica, Sicily to Gaetano Quasimodo and Clotilde Ragusa. Live in Roccalumera his childhood. In 1908 his family moved to Messina, as his father had been sent there to help the population struck by a devastating earthquake. The impressions of the effects of natural forces would have a great impact on the young Quasimodo. In 1919 he graduated from the local Technical College. In Messina he also made friends with Giorgio La Pira, future mayor of Florence.

Salvatore Quasimodo was introduced to the Scottish Rite Freemasonry[2][3] by his father, which was a member of the Masonic Lodge “Arnaldo da Brescia” in Licata. Quasimodo's brother, the Nobel Prize for Literature, was introduced on March 31 1922, at the age of 21, and still remain closely friend with the Italian politician Giorgio La Pira of the York Rite[4].

In 1917 Quasimodo founded the short-lived Nuovo giornale letterario ("New Literary Journal"), in which he published his first poems. In 1919 he moved to Rome to finish his engineering studies, but poor economic conditions forced him to find a work as a technical draughtsman. In the meantime he collaborated with several reviews and studied Greek and Latin.

In 1929, invited by Elio Vittorini, who had married Quasimodo's sister, he moved to Florence. Here he met poets such as Alessandro Bonsanti and Eugenio Montale. In 1930 he took a job with Italy's Civil Engineering Corps in Reggio Calabria. Here he met the Misefari brothers, who encouraged him to continue writing. Developing his nearness to the hermetic movement, Quasimodo published his first collection, Acque e terre ("Waters and Earths") in that year.

In 1931 he was transferred to Imperia and then to Genoa, where he got acquainted with Camillo Sbarbaro and other personalities of the Circoli magazine, with which Quasimodo started a prolific collaboration.[5] In 1932 he published with them a new collection, Oboe sommerso, including all his lyrics from 1930–1932.

In 1934 Quasimodo moved to Milan. Starting from 1938 he devoted himself entirely to writing, working with Cesare Zavattini and for Letteratura, official review of the Hermetic movement. In 1938 he published Poesie, followed by the translations of Lirici Greci ("Greek Poets") published by Corrente di Vita in 1939.

Though an outspoken anti-Fascist, during World War II Quasimodo did not take part in the Italian resistance against the German occupation. In that period he devoted himself to the translation of the Gospel of John, of some of Catullus's cantos, and several episodes of the Odyssey. In 1945 he became a member of the Italian Communist Party.

In 1946 he published another collection, Giorno dopo giorno ("Day After Day"), which made clear the increasing moral engagement and the epic tone of social criticism of the author. The same theme characterized his next works, La vita non è sogno ("Life Is Not a Dream"), Il falso e il vero verde ("The False and True Green") and La terra impareggiabile ("The Incomparable Land"). In all this period Quasimodo did not stop producing translations of classic authors and collaborating as a journalist for some of the most prestigious Italian publications (mostly with articles about the theatre).

In the 1950s Quasimodo won the following awards: Premio San Babila (1950), Premio Etna-Taormina (1953), Premio Viareggio (1958) and, finally, the Nobel Prize for Literature (1959). In 1960 and 1967 he received honoris causa degrees from the Universities of Messina and Oxford, respectively.

A white marble gravestone on the wall of a chapel, with only the name and dates of birth and death inscribed
Quasimodo's grave at the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan in 2015

In his last years the poet made numerous voyages to Europe and America, giving public speeches and public lectures of his poems, which had been translated in several foreign languages.

In June 1968, when he was in Amalfi for a discourse, Quasimodo was struck by a cerebral hemorrhage. He died a few days later in the hospital in Naples. He was interred in the Cimitero Monumentale in Milan.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Salvatore Kvazimodo
Bân-lâm-gú: Salvatore Quasimodo
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сальваторэ Квазымада
Bahasa Indonesia: Salvatore Quasimodo
interlingua: Salvatore Quasimodo
norsk nynorsk: Salvatore Quasimodo
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Salvatore Quasimodo
Piemontèis: Salvatore Quasimodo
slovenčina: Salvatore Quasimodo
slovenščina: Salvatore Quasimodo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Salvatore Quasimodo
Tiếng Việt: Salvatore Quasimodo