Salon (Paris)

Formally dressed patrons at the Salon in 1890

The Salon (French: Salon), or rarely Paris Salon (French: Salon de Paris), beginning in 1667[1] was the official art exhibition of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Between 1748 and 1890 it was arguably the greatest annual or biennial art event in the Western world. At the 1761 Salon, thirty-three painters, nine sculptors, and eleven engravers contributed.[2] From 1881 onward, it has been managed by the Société des Artistes Français.

Origins

In 1667, the royally sanctioned French institution of art patronage, the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture[1] (a division of the Académie des beaux-arts), held its first semi-public art exhibit at the Salon Carré. The Salon's original focus was the display of the work of recent graduates of the École des Beaux-Arts, which was created by Cardinal Mazarin, chief minister of France, in 1648. Exhibition at the Salon de Paris was essential for any artist to achieve success in France for at least the next 200 years. Exhibition in the Salon marked a sign of royal favor.

In 1725, the Salon was held in the Palace of the Louvre, when it became known as Salon or Salon de Paris. In 1737, the exhibitions, held from 18 August 1737 to 5 September 1737 at the Grand Salon of the Louvre,[3] became public. They were held, at first, annually, and then biennially, in odd-numbered years. They would start on the feast day of St. Louis (25 August) and run for some weeks. Once made regular and public, the Salon's status was "never seriously in doubt" (Crow, 1987). In 1748 a jury of awarded artists was introduced. From this time forward, the influence of the Salon was undisputed.

Other Languages
العربية: صالون (باريس)
azərbaycanca: Paris Salonu
беларуская: Парыжскі салон
български: Парижки салон
Ελληνικά: Σαλόν (Παρίσι)
italiano: Salon (mostra)
magyar: Salon
Nederlands: Parijse salon
norsk nynorsk: Parissalongen
português: Salon de Paris
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Salon (Pariz)
svenska: Parissalongen
Türkçe: Paris Salonu
українська: Паризький салон
中文: 巴黎沙龍