City of Salisbury
Salisbury Cathedral from Old George Mall.jpg
Salisbury Cathedral from the Old George Mall in July 2016
City of Salisbury is located in Wiltshire
City of Salisbury
City of Salisbury
City of Salisbury shown within Wiltshire
Population 40,302 (civil parish, 2011 Census) [1]
OS grid reference SU145305
•  London 88 miles (142 km)
Civil parish
  • Salisbury
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district SP1, SP2
Dialling code 01722
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°04′26″N 1°47′37″W / 51°04′26″N 1°47′37″W / 51.0740; -1.7936

Salisbury (various pronunciations, [a] but locally i/, SAWZ-bree) is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, and the only city within the county. It is the third-largest settlement in the county, after Swindon and Chippenham, with a population of 40,302. [1] It is about 20 miles (32 km) from Southampton and 30 miles (48 km) from Bath.

The city is located in the southeast of Wiltshire near the edge of Salisbury Plain. Its cathedral was formerly located to the north at Old Sarum. Following its relocation, a settlement grew up around it, drawing residents from Old Sarum and Wilton. The new town received its city charter in 1227 under the name New Sarum, which continued to be its official name until 2009 when the Salisbury City Council was established. It sits at the confluence of five rivers. The Nadder, Ebble, Wylye, and Bourne are tributary to the Hampshire Avon, which flows to the south coast and into the sea at Christchurch in Dorset. Salisbury railway station serves the city and is a regional interchange at the crossing point between the West of England Main Line and the Wessex Main Line.

Stonehenge is a UNESCO World Heritage Site about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury and greatly aids the local economy. The city itself, Old Sarum, the present cathedral and the ruins of the former one also attract visitors.


The name Salisbury, which is first recorded around the year 900 as Searoburg ( dative Searobyrig), is a partial translation of the Roman Celtic name Sorviodūnum. Brittonic *-dūnon, meaning "fortress" (in reference to the fort that stood at Old Sarum), was replaced by its Old English equivalent -burg. The first part of the name is of obscure origin. The form "Sarum" is a Latinization of Sar, a medieval abbreviation for Middle English Sarisberie. [3]

The two names for the city, Salisbury and Sarum, are humorously alluded to in a 1928 limerick from Punch:

There was an old Sultan of Salisbury
Who wanted some wives for his halisbury,
So he had them sent down
By a fast train from town,
For he thought that his motor would scalisbury. [4]

Salisbury appeared in the Welsh Chronicle of the Britons as Caer-Caradog, Caer-Gradawc, and Caer-Wallawg. [5] [6] [7] Cair-Caratauc, one of the 28 British cities listed in the History of the Britons, has also been identified with Salisbury. [8] [9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Salisbury
አማርኛ: ሳልዝብሪ
Ænglisc: Searoburg
български: Солсбъри
català: Salisbury
čeština: Salisbury
Cymraeg: Caersallog
dansk: Salisbury
Deutsch: Salisbury
eesti: Salisbury
Ελληνικά: Σόλσμπερι
español: Salisbury
Esperanto: Salisbury
euskara: Salisbury
فارسی: سالیسبری
Gaeilge: Salisbury
한국어: 솔즈베리
Bahasa Indonesia: Salisbury, Inggris
íslenska: Salisbury
italiano: Salisbury
עברית: סולסברי
Latina: Sarisberia
latviešu: Solsberi
lietuvių: Solsberis
magyar: Salisbury
مصرى: سولسبرى
مازِرونی: سالزبری
norsk: Salisbury
norsk nynorsk: Salisbury
occitan: Salisbury
پنجابی: سالسبری
polski: Salisbury
português: Salisbury
română: Salisbury
русский: Солсбери
Scots: Salisbury
Simple English: Salisbury
slovenčina: Salisbury
slovenščina: Salisbury
ślůnski: Salisbury
српски / srpski: Солсбери
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Salisbury
suomi: Salisbury
svenska: Salisbury
Türkçe: Salisbury
українська: Солсбері
اردو: سالسبری
Tiếng Việt: Salisbury
Volapük: Salisbury
Winaray: Salisbury
粵語: 梳士巴利