Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Motto: "Country Above Self"

Location of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Location of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Capital
and largest city
Basseterre
17°18′N 62°44′W / 17°18′N 62°44′W / 17.300; -62.733
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular languageSaint Kitts Creole
Ethnic groups
(2001)[1]
Demonym(s)Kittitian or Nevisian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Sir S.W. Tapley Seaton
Timothy Harris
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
27 February 1967
• from the United Kingdom
19 September 1983
Area
• Total
261 km2 (101 sq mi) (188th)
• Water (%)
Negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
54,821[2] (209th)
• 2011 census
46,204
• Density
164/km2 (424.8/sq mi) (64th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.458 billion[3]
• Per capita
$25,913[3]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$945 million[3]
• Per capita
$16,793[3]
HDI (2017)Increase 0.778[4]
high · 72nd
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC-4
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 869
ISO 3166 codeKN
Internet TLD.kn
  1. Or "Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis".

Saint Kitts and Nevis (s/ (About this soundlisten)), also known as the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis,[5] is an island country in the West Indies. Located in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles, it is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere, in both area and population. The country is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state.

The capital city is Basseterre on the larger island of Saint Kitts. The smaller island of Nevis lies approximately 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Saint Kitts across a shallow channel called "The Narrows".

The British dependency of Anguilla was historically also a part of this union, which was then known collectively as Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla. To the north-northwest lie the islands of Sint Eustatius, and Saba, Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten and Anguilla. To the east and northeast are Antigua and Barbuda, and to the southeast is the small uninhabited island of Redonda, and the island of Montserrat, which currently has an active volcano (see Soufrière Hills).

Saint Kitts and Nevis were among the first islands in the Caribbean to be settled by Europeans. Saint Kitts was home to the first British and French colonies in the Caribbean, and thus has also been titled "The Mother Colony of the West Indies".

Etymology

Saint Kitts was named "Liamuiga", which roughly translates as "fertile land", by the Kalinago who originally inhabited the island. The name is preserved via St. Kitts's western peak, Mount Liamuiga. Nevis's pre-Columbian name was "Oualie", meaning "land of beautiful waters".[citation needed]

Christopher Columbus upon sighting what is now Nevis in 1493 gave that island the name San Martín. The current name "Nevis" is derived from a Spanish name Nuestra Señora de las Nieves. This Spanish name means Our Lady of the Snows. It is not known who chose this name for the island, but it is a reference to the story of a fourth-century Catholic miracle: a summertime snowfall on the Esquiline Hill in Rome. Perhaps the white clouds which usually wreathe the top of Nevis Peak reminded someone of the story of a miraculous snowfall in a hot climate. The island of Nevis upon first British settlement was referred to as "Dulcina", a name meaning "sweet one" in Spanish. Eventually the original Spanish name was restored and used in the shortened form, "Nevis".[citation needed]

There is some disagreement over the name which Christopher Columbus gave to St. Kitts. For many years it was thought that he named the island San Cristóbal, after Saint Christopher, his patron saint and the patron hallow of travellers. New studies suggest that Columbus named the island Sant Yago (Saint James). The name "San Cristóbal" was given by Columbus to the island now known as Saba, 20 mi northwest. It seems that "San Cristóbal" came to be applied to the island of St. Kitts only as the result of a mapping error.[citation needed]

No matter the origin of the name, the island was well documented as "San Cristóbal" by the 17th century. The first English colonists kept the English translation of this name, and dubbed it "St. Christopher's Island". In the 17th century, a common nickname for Christopher was Kit, or Kitt. This is why the island was often informally referred to as "Saint Kitt's Island", further shortened to "Saint Kitts".[citation needed]

Today the Constitution refers to the state as both "Saint Kitts and Nevis" and "Saint Christopher and Nevis", but the former is the one most commonly used.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: St. Kitts und Nevis
azərbaycanca: Sent-Kits və Nevis
Bân-lâm-gú: Saint Kitts kap Nevis
беларуская: Сент-Кітс і Невіс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьвяты Кітс і Нэвіс
Chavacano de Zamboanga: San Cristóbal y Nieves
davvisámegiella: Saint Christopher ja Nevis
dolnoserbski: Saint Kitts a Nevis
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: सेंट किट्स आणि नेव्हिस
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Saint Kitts lâu Nevis
hornjoserbsce: Saint Kitts a Nevis
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: সেন্ট কিট্‌স বারো নেভিস
Bahasa Indonesia: Saint Kitts dan Nevis
Interlingue: Sant Kitts e Nevis
Kreyòl ayisyen: Sen Kits ak Nevi
Lëtzebuergesch: Saint Kitts an Nevis
Lingua Franca Nova: San Kitts e Nevis
Livvinkarjala: Sent-Kits da Nevis
Bahasa Melayu: Santo Kitts dan Nevis
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Saint Kitts gâe̤ng Nevis
Nordfriisk: St. Kitts an Nevis
Norfuk / Pitkern: Saint Kitts a' Nevis
norsk nynorsk: Saint Kitts og Nevis
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sent Kitts va Nevis
Piemontèis: Saint Kitts e Nevis
Plattdüütsch: St. Kitts un Nevis
qırımtatarca: Sent Kitts ve Nevis
संस्कृतम्: सेंट किट्
Simple English: Saint Kitts and Nevis
SiSwati: IKhisinevi
српски / srpski: Сент Китс и Невис
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sveti Kristofor i Nevis
татарча/tatarça: Сент-Китс һәм Невис
українська: Сент-Кіттс і Невіс
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: سېنت كىتس ۋە نېۋىس
vepsän kel’: Sent Kits da Nevis
Tiếng Việt: Saint Kitts và Nevis
žemaitėška: Sent Kitsos ėr Nevis