Saint-Marc

Saint-Marc
Saint-Marc Welcome Sign at Frecyneau
Saint-Marc Welcome Sign at Frecyneau
Saint-Marc is located in Haiti
Saint-Marc
Saint-Marc
Location in Haiti
Coordinates: 19°7′0″N 72°42′0″W / 19°7′0″N 72°42′0″W / 19.11667; -72.70000
CountryFlag of Haiti.svg Haiti
DepartmentArtibonite
ArrondissementSaint-Marc
Settled1716
Population
(2003 Census)
 • Total160,181
ClimateBSh

Saint-Marc (Haitian Creole: Sen Mak) is a commune in western Haiti in Artibonite. Its geographic coordinates are 19°7′N 72°42′W / 19°7′N 72°42′W / 19.117; -72.700. At the 2003 Census the commune had 160,181 inhabitants. It is one of the biggest cities, second to Gonaïve, between Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien.

The port of Saint-Marc is currently the preferred port of entry for consumer goods coming into Haiti. Reasons for this may include its location away from volatile and congested Port-au-Prince as well as its central location relative to a large group of Haitian cities including Cap-Haïtien, Carrefour, Delmas, Fort-Liberté, Gonaïves, Hinche, Limbe, Pétion-Ville, Port-de-Paix, and Verrettes. These cities, together with their surrounding areas, contain nearly eight million of Haiti's ten million people (2009).

In 1905 the Compagnie Nationale or National Railroad built a 100 km railroad north to Saint-Marc from the national capital of Port-au-Prince. The track was later extended another 30 km east to Verrettes.

Overview

St. Marc is a large port town surrounded by mountains. At all times, there are many boats in the port, typically sail boats. The town was first settled in 1716, then located in the French colony of Saint-Domingue.[1]

The town is located on flat land close to the sea but its edges extend into the foothills. From these vantage points, the ocean is sometimes viewable. The city has a few park spaces, including Place Cite Nissage Saget. These parks are often surrounded by vendors with carts full of goods.

Local residents enjoy the rich culture of St. Marc and it is considered a safe place to live. About 60% of the population lives in the communal section, meaning outside of town. As a result, they are beyond its infrastructure and lack drainage systems, electricity and potable water.

Recent development projects have been underway in St. Marc, with assistance and funding from USAID and IOM. They include: grading and paving roads, implementing a sewage/drainage system and providing access to potable water at various points throughout the larger town. In addition, a USAID project trained youth to map the town on OpenStreetMap, a free, editable online map.

Other Languages
العربية: سان مارك
dansk: Saint-Marc
한국어: 생마르크
Kreyòl ayisyen: Sen Mak (komin)
norsk: Saint-Marc
norsk nynorsk: Saint-Marc
português: Saint-Marc (Haiti)
svenska: Saint-Marc
українська: Сен-Марк (Гаїті)
中文: 圣马克