Sailfish

Sailfish
Temporal range: 59–0 Ma Paleogene to present[1]
Istiophorus platypterus.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Istiophoriformes
Family:Istiophoridae
Genus:Istiophorus
Lacépède, 1801
Species
Synonyms
  • Histiophorus G. Cuvier, 1832
  • Nothistium Hermann, 1804
  • Zanclurus Swainson, 1839
An Indo-Pacific sailfish raising its sail
Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, USA, in the 1940s, with a sailfish he had caught

A sailfish is a fish of the genus Istiophorus of billfish living in colder areas of all the seas of the earth. They are predominantly blue to gray in colour and have a characteristic erectile dorsal fin known as a sail, which often stretches the entire length of the back. Another notable characteristic is the elongated bill, resembling that of the swordfish and other marlins. They are, therefore, described as billfish in sport-fishing circles.

Species

Two sailfish species have been recognized.[2][3] No differences have been found in mtDNA, morphometrics or meristics between the two supposed species and most authorities now only recognized a single species, (Istiophorus platypterus), found in warmer oceans around the world.[3][4][5][6] FishBase continues to recognize two species:[2]

Other Languages
Acèh: Layaran
العربية: مرلين شراعي
Cebuano: Istiophorus
čeština: Plachetník
español: Istiophorus
français: Istiophorus
Bahasa Indonesia: Layaran
italiano: Istiophorus
magyar: Istiophorus
Nederlands: Istiophorus
norsk: Seilfisk
polski: Istiophorus
português: Istiophorus
svenska: Istiophorus
українська: Вітрильник (риба)
Tiếng Việt: Chi Cá buồm
Winaray: Istiophorus