## Saffir–Simpson scale |

The **Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale** (**SSHWS**), formerly the **Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale** (**SSHS**), classifies

Category | Wind speeds (for 1-minute | |||
---|---|---|---|---|

Five | ≥ 70 m/s | ≥ 137 kn | ≥ 157 mph | ≥ 252 km/h |

Four | 58–70 m/s | 113–136 kn | 130–156 mph | 209–251 km/h |

Three | 50–58 m/s | 96–112 kn | 111–129 mph | 178–208 km/h |

Two | 43–49 m/s | 83–95 kn | 96–110 mph | 154–177 km/h |

One | 33–42 m/s | 64–82 kn | 74–95 mph | 119–153 km/h |

Tropical storm | 18–32 m/s | 34–63 kn | 39–73 mph | 63–118 km/h |
---|---|---|---|---|

Tropical depression | ≤ 17 m/s | ≤ 33 kn | ≤ 38 mph | ≤ 62 km/h |

To be classified as a hurricane, a

Officially, the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale is based on the highest average wind over a __ one-minute__ time span and used

Other areas use *cyclones* or * typhoons*, depending on the area. These areas (except the

There is some criticism of the SSHWS for not accounting for rain,

The scale was developed in 1971 by ^{[1]} The scale was introduced to the general public in 1973,^{[2]} and saw widespread use after ^{[3]}

The initial scale was developed by Herbert Saffir, a ^{[4]} While conducting the study, Saffir realized there was no simple scale for describing the likely effects of a hurricane. Mirroring the utility of the

In 2009, the NHC made moves to eliminate pressure and storm surge ranges from the categories, transforming it into a pure wind scale, called the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale (Experimental) [SSHWS].^{[5]} The new scale became operational on May 15, 2010.^{[6]} The scale excludes flood ranges, storm surge estimations, rainfall, and location, which means a Category 2 hurricane that hits a major city will likely do far more cumulative damage than a Category 5 hurricane that hits a rural area.^{[7]} The agency cited various hurricanes as reasons for removing the "scientifically inaccurate" information, including ^{[8]} Since being removed from the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, storm surge predicting and modeling is now handled with the use of computer numerical models such as

In 2012, the NHC expanded the windspeed range for Category 4 by 1 mph in both directions, to 130–156 mph, with corresponding changes in the other units (113–136 kn, 209–251 km/h), instead of 131–155 mph (114–135 kn, 210–249 km/h). The NHC and the ^{[5]} The new scale became operational on May 15, 2012.^{[9]}

Other Languages

العربية: مقياس سفير-سمبسون

asturianu: Escala de furacanes de Saffir-Simpson

বাংলা: সাফ্ফির-সিম্পসন স্কেল

беларуская: Шкала ўраганаў Сафіра — Сімпсана

беларуская (тарашкевіца): Шкала ўраганаў Сафіра-Сімпсана

भोजपुरी: साफिर-सिंपसन पैमाना

български: Скала на Сафир-Симпсън

čeština: Saffirova–Simpsonova stupnice

dansk: Saffir-Simpson-skalaen

Deutsch: Saffir-Simpson-Hurrikan-Skala

Ελληνικά: Κλίμακα Σαφίρ-Σίμπσον

فارسی: مقیاس سافیر سیمپسون

français: Échelle de Saffir-Simpson

Frysk: Skaal fan Saffir-Simpson

한국어: 사피어-심프슨 허리케인 등급

Bahasa Indonesia: Skala Saffir-Simpson

italiano: Scala Saffir-Simpson

עברית: סולם ספיר-סימפסון

Kreyòl ayisyen: Echèl Saffir-Simpson

latviešu: Safira—Simpsona skala

Bahasa Melayu: Skala Taufan Saffir-Simpson

Nederlands: Schaal van Saffir-Simpson

norsk: Saffir–Simpson-skalaen

norsk nynorsk: Saffir–Simpson-skalaen

occitan: Escala de Saffir-Simpson

polski: Skala Saffira-Simpsona

português: Escala de furacões de Saffir-Simpson

română: Scara Saffir-Simpson

русский: Шкала ураганов Саффира — Симпсона

Scots: Saffir–Simpson scale

Simple English: Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

slovenčina: Saffirova-Simpsonova hurikánová stupnica

српски / srpski: Сафир—Симпсонова скала урагана

srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Saffir-Simpsonova skala uragana

svenska: Saffir–Simpsons orkanskala

Türkçe: Saffir-Simpson Kasırga Ölçeği

українська: Шкала ураганів Саффіра-Сімпсона

Tiếng Việt: Thang bão Saffir-Simpson

中文: 萨菲尔-辛普森飓风风力等级