Safed ( : Hebrew צְפַת Tsfat, : Ashkenazi Tzfas, : Biblical Ṣ'fath; : Arabic صفد, Ṣafad) is a city in the of Israel. Located at an elevation of 900 metres (2,953 ft), Safed is the highest city in the Northern District and in Israel. Galilee Due to its high elevation, Safed experiences warm summers and cold, often snowy, winters.  
Safed has been identified with
Sepph, a fortified town in the mentioned in the writings of the Roman-Jewish historian Upper Galilee . Josephus The  mentions it as one of five elevated spots where fires were lit to announce the Jerusalem Talmud and festivals during the New Moon period. Second Temple In the 12th century CE Safed was a fortified city in the Crusaders'  , known to them as Kingdom of Jerusalem Saphet. The  Mamluk Sultan captured the city in 1266 and appointed a governor to take charge of the fortress. Baibars The city also became the administrative centre of Mamlakat Safad, a province in  whose jurisdiction included the Galilee and the lands up to Mamluk Syria . Jenin Under the  , Safed functioned as the capital of the Ottomans , which encompassed much of the Galilee and extended to the Mediterranean coast. Since the 16th century, Safed has been considered one of Safad Sanjak 's Judaism , along with Four Holy Cities , Jerusalem and Hebron ; Tiberias since that time the city has remained a centre of  and Kabbalah . Rabbi Jewish mysticism introduced interest in the Kabbalah to the city in the 16th century. Isaac Luria 
Due to its mild climate and scenic views, Safed has become a popular holiday resort frequented by Israelis and by foreign visitors.
In 2016 it had a population of 33,636.  
Legend has it that Safed was founded by a son of
after the Noah . Great Flood According to the  ), the area where Safed is located was assigned to the Judges 1:17 . tribe of Naphtali
It has been suggested that
' assertion that "a city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden" Jesus may have referred to Safed.