A sacrament is a
rite recognised as of particular importance and significance. There are various views on the existence and meaning of such rites. Many Christians consider the sacraments to be a visible
symbol of the reality of
God, as well as a
means by which God enacts his
denominations, including the Anglican, Catholic, Lutheran, Methodist, and Reformed, hold to the definition of sacrament formulated by
Augustine of Hippo: an outward sign of an inward grace that has been instituted by Jesus Christ.
 Sacraments signify God's grace in a way that is outwardly observable to the participant.
Catholic Church recognises seven sacraments:
Reconciliation (Penance or Confession),
Eucharist (or Holy Communion),
Holy Orders, and
Anointing of the Sick.
Eastern Orthodox Church and
Oriental Orthodox Church
 also believe that there are seven major sacraments, but apply the corresponding
Greek word, μυστήριον (mysterion) also to rites that in the Western tradition are called
sacramentals and to other realities, such as the Church itself.
Protestant denominations, such as those within the
Reformed tradition, identify two sacraments instituted by Christ, the Eucharist (or Holy Communion) and Baptism.
Lutheran sacraments include these two, often adding
Confession (and Absolution) as a third sacrament.
 Anglican and Methodist teaching is that "there are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord", and that "those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say,
Extreme Unction, are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel".
 In the
restorationist denomination with traditional Protestant theology,
are recognized, including "baptism, confirmation, blessing of children, the Lord's Supper,
, marriage, the
Evangelist Blessing, and administration to the sick."
Some traditions do not observe any of the rites, or hold that they are simply reminders or commendable practices that do not impart actual grace—not sacraments but "
ordinances" pertaining to certain aspects of the Christian faith.