Sabadell

Sabadell
Municipality
The business district, the "Eix Macià".
The business district, the "Eix Macià".
Flag of Sabadell
Flag
Coat of arms of Sabadell
Coat of arms
Location of Sabadell
Location of Sabadell
Sabadell is located in Province of Barcelona
Sabadell
Sabadell
Location in Catalonia
Sabadell is located in Spain
Sabadell
Sabadell
Sabadell (Spain)
Coordinates: 41°32′54.93″N 2°6′27″E / 41°32′54.93″N 2°6′27″E / 41.5485917; 2.10750
Country Spain
Autonomous community Catalonia
ProvinceBarcelona
ComarcaVallès Occidental
Government
 • MayorMaties Serracant Camps (2017)[1] (CUP)
Area[2]
 • Total37.8 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
Elevation190 m (620 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total207,444
 • Density5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sabadellencsabadellenca (ca)
Sabadellense (es)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code08200 to 08208 and 08805
Official language(s)Catalan, Spanish
ClimateCfa
Websitesabadell.cat

Sabadell (Catalan pronunciation: [səβəˈðeʎ] Latin: Sabatellum) is the second largest city in the comarca of the Vallès Occidental in Catalonia, Spain. It is in the south of the comarca, on the River Ripoll, 20 km (12 mi) north of Barcelona. Sabadell is located 190 m (620 ft) above sea level and is the co-capital of the comarca.

Sabadell pioneered the Industrial Revolution in Catalonia with its textile mills, together with its archrival Terrassa. Thus, in the mid-19th century, it became the most important wool city in Spain, being nicknamed the "Catalan Manchester". Even today many mills from that period can still be seen, with most of them having been refurbished as residential buildings or other services. Nowadays Sabadell is basically a commercial and industrial city: there are no significant agricultural activities.

Sabadell is an important communications point. Two motorways run beside the city: the C-58 (from Barcelona to Manresa) and the AP-7 (from France and Girona to Tarragona, Valencia and Andalusia), and some roads link Sabadell with nearby cities and towns: Terrassa, Sant Quirze del Vallès, Castellar del Vallès, Granollers, Barberà del Vallès, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Rubí, Sentmenat and Molins de Rei.

A railroad line crosses the city, (the Rodalies Barcelona line from Barcelona to Lleida) and another one terminates in the city, (the FGC line from Barcelona to Sabadell via Sant Cugat del Vallès).

History

In Roman times, a little village called Arragone existed near where the church of La Salut now stands. This grew into the town called Arraona or Arrahona in the Middle Ages. Another little village was built just on the other side of the river. This second village, called Sabadell, located on a plain, began to grow and its population was about 600 people (152 houses) in 1378. Sabadell was enclosed by a wall, but due to population growth in the 16th century, some houses were built outside the wall. At that time the first textile industries appeared in the town, devoted especially to woolen clothing. The woolen industry grew over the next centuries, and in 1800 the town's population was about 2000 people.

The 19th century brought two important developments to the town: in 1856 the railway arrived, and in 1877 the town was dubbed a "city". In the 1897 census the population of the city was 23,044 people. The city had become the most important producer of woolen clothing in Spain, and these clothes achieved worldwide fame.

The modernisme movement (related to Art Nouveau) had an important influence in the architecture of the city in the early 20th century and distinctive buildings such as the modernista Hotel Suís (1902), Despatx Lluch (1908) and the Caixa d'Estalvis de Sabadell (1915), as well as the Torre de l'Aigua (1918) and the Mercat Central (1930), were built during the first half of the century.

In the early 20th century, Sabadell, with Terrassa, was the textile city par excellence, being the driving force of a territory poor in natural resources. The population was multiplied by eight, its industry boosted, particularly textiles and metals, and its economy was modernized in the service sector. Due to this industrial activity, Sabadell received massive waves of immigration in the 1950s, 1960s and early 1970s leading to uncontrolled urban expansion and the creation of some new neighborhoods such as Ca n'Oriac and Torre-Romeu.

There has always been since those days a rivalry between Terrassa and Sabadell, because both of them wanted to be capitals of the Vallés Occidental, as both were pretty relevant while this rise textile industry. Nowadays, still there are some popular sayings: "Sabadell mala pell" (Sabadell bad skin) and "Terrassa mala raça" (Terrassa bad race).[citation needed]

The growth of industry and population favored the emergence of an important workers’ movement, and Catalanist, socialist and anarchist parties were very influential up until the upheavals of the Spanish Civil War (1936–39). The victory of the Fascist faction in the war was a step backwards for the city, but in the fifties industry recovered and grew once more. Industries needed workers, and many people came from Andalusia, Murcia, Extremadura, Castile and other parts of Spain to work in the textile and metal industry. Again, a new workers’ and Catalanist movement emerged, this time against Francisco Franco’s regime and with the support of the Roman Catholic Church.

Sabadell was the host of some sessions of the Assemblea de Catalunya, a multi-party organization that brought together communists, socialists, Catalan nationalists, Catholics and others against the Franco regime. The 1973 oil crisis and Franco's death in 1975 meant an important change in Spain and, of course, in Sabadell. The economic crisis compelled the city to diversify its economic activities. New commercial and leisure areas (the Eix Macià) appeared next to the traditional industries, leading to important economic development for the city.

Other Languages
العربية: ساباديل
aragonés: Sabadell
asturianu: Sabadell
تۆرکجه: سابادل
беларуская: Сабадэль
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сабадэль
български: Сабадел
català: Sabadell
čeština: Sabadell
dansk: Sabadell
Deutsch: Sabadell
Ελληνικά: Σαβαδέλ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Sabadell
español: Sabadell
Esperanto: Sabadell
euskara: Sabadell
فارسی: سابادل
français: Sabadell
galego: Sabadell
한국어: 사바델
Հայերեն: Սաբադել
Bahasa Indonesia: Sabadell
italiano: Sabadell
עברית: סבאדל
қазақша: Сабадель
Ladino: Sabadell
Latina: Sabadell
lietuvių: Sabadelis
magyar: Sabadell
Bahasa Melayu: Sabadell
Nederlands: Sabadell
日本語: サバデイ
norsk: Sabadell
norsk nynorsk: Sabadell
occitan: Sabadell
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sabadell
Papiamentu: Sabadell
polski: Sabadell
português: Sabadell
reo tahiti: Sabadell
română: Sabadell
русский: Сабадель
संस्कृतम्: साबादेल
Scots: Sabadell
shqip: Sabadell
српски / srpski: Сабадељ
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Sabadell
suomi: Sabadell
svenska: Sabadell
Türkçe: Sabadell
українська: Сабадель
اردو: سبدل
Volapük: Sabadell
Winaray: Sabadell
中文: 萨瓦德尔